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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 417–431 | Cite as

Photosystem II Functionality and Antioxidant System Changes During Leaf Rolling in Post-Stress Emerging Ctenanthe setosa Exposed to Drought

  • Rabiye Terzi
  • Neslihan SaruhanEmail author
  • A. Sağam
  • Hatice Nar
  • A. Kadioğlu
Article

Abstract

We studied the changes in antioxidant system and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in post-stress emerging Ctenanthe setosa (Rosc.) Eichler (Marantaceae) plants (PSE plants) having reduced leaf area under drought stress causing leaf rolling and re-watering. PSE plants were compared to primary stressed plants (PS) in previous studies. The parameters were measured at different visual leaf rolling scores from 1 to 4 (1 is unrolled, 4 is tightly rolled and the others is intermediate form). Water potentials and stomatal conductance of leaves were gradually decreased during leaf rolling. Similarly, maximum quantum efficiency of open PS II center and quantum yield of PS II decreased during the rolling period. Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence decreased at score 2 then increased while photochemical quenching did not change during leaf rolling. Electron transport rate decreased only at score 4 but approximately reached to score 1 level after re-watering. Superoxide dismutase activity was not constant at all leaf rolling scores. Ascorbate peroxidase, catalase and glutathione reductase activities generally tended to increase during leaf rolling. Lipid peroxidation and H2O2 content increased at score 2 but decreased at the later scores. On the other hand, O2·− production increased during the rolling period. After re-watering of the plants having score 4 of leaf rolling, antioxidant enzyme activities were lower than those of score 1. Other physiological parameters also tended to reach the value of score 1. The results indicated that PSE plants gained drought tolerance by reducing leaf area effectively induced their antioxidant systems and protected the photosynthesis under drought stress similar to PS plants.

Keywords

Antioxidant enzymes Ctenanthe setosa chlorophyll fluorescence leaf rolling post-stress emerging plant 

Abbreviations

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

Car

carotenoid

Chl

chlorophyll

CAT

catalase

Fm

maximum fluorescence yield

F0

minimum fluorescence yield

Fs

steady-state fluorescence yield

Fv/Fm

quantum efficiency of photosystem II

NPQ

non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence

PSII

photosystem II

qP

photochemical quenching

GR

glutathione reductase

RW

Re-watering

RWC

relative water content

gs

stomatal conductance

SOD

superoxide dismutase

Ψleaf

leaf water potential

ΦPS II

quantum yield of PSII

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2009

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rabiye Terzi
    • 1
  • Neslihan Saruhan
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Sağam
    • 1
  • Hatice Nar
    • 1
  • A. Kadioğlu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesRize UniversityRizeTurkey

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