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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 409–416 | Cite as

Toxic Nuclear Effects of the Organophosphorus Insecticide Dichlorvos (DDVP) in Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes

  • H. E. EroğluEmail author
Article

Abstract

Organophosphorus insecticides are used worldwide in the control of agricultural, household and veterinary pests. Dichlorvos (2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate) is a commonly used organophosphorus insecticide. In this study, in order to elucidate the toxic nuclear effects of dichlorvos, freshly isolated human peripheral blood lymphocytes were incubated with 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 and 100 μg/mL of dichlorvos. According to the results, dichlorvos induced micronuclei, decreased the mitotic and replication indexes. It is a genotoxic product causing chromosomal damage (an increase in micronucleus) and cell death (decrease in mitotic and replication indexes).

Keywords

Dichlorvos toxicity micronucleus mitotic index replication index 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

The author wishes to thank Miss. Emine Ölmez for sending blood samples used in this study.

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2009

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and ArtBozok UniversityYozgatTurkey

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