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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 167–175 | Cite as

Effect of N-Metylcarbamate Pesticide Bendiocarb on Cattle Lymphocytes After in vitro Exposure

  • Beáta Holečková
  • Katarína ŠivikováEmail author
  • J. Dianovský
Article

Abstract

Bendiocarb is a carbamate broad-spectrum insecticide used to control disease vectors such as mosquitoes and flies, as well as household and agricultural pests. Nowadays, only few papers reporting cytogenetic or possible genotoxic effect of this insecticide on mammalian cells are available. In the present study 24-hour exposure to bendiocarbamate at concentrations ranging from 20 to 160 µg/ml was used for investigation of unstable chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and stable chromosomal aberration induction in cultured bovine peripheral lymphocytes. The slight but no significant increase of chromatide breaks frequency was observed after the exposure of lymphocytes to 80 µg/ml of bendiocarb. At the highest concentration added to the cell cultures (160 µg/ml) mitotic index decrease was shown in both donors (p < 0.05; p < 0.01). Both statistically significant elevation of SCEs (p < 0.05) and a reduction of proliferative indices (PI) (p < 0.01) were shown at a dose of 80 µg/ml. By means of two fluorescent-labelled whole chromosome-painting probes, stable aberrations such as bovine chromosome 1 and 5 translocation as well as numerical aberrations (polyploidies, heteroploidies) were visualised under fluorescent microscope in some examined metaphases.

Keywords

Carbamate pesticides bovine lymphocytes chromosomal aberrations sister chromatide exchanges fluorescence in situ hybridisation 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2009

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beáta Holečková
    • 1
  • Katarína Šiviková
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Dianovský
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and GeneticsUniversity of Veterinary MedicineKošiceSlovak Republic

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