Enhancement of Mutanase Production in Trichoderma harzianum by Mutagenesis
Conidia of Trichoderma harzianum F-340, an active producer of fungal mutanase, were mutagenized with physical and chemical mutagens used separately or in combination. After mutagenesis, the drop in conidia viability ranged from 0.004% to 71%. Among the applied mutagens, nitrosoguanidine gave the highest frequency of cultures with enhanced mutanase activity (98%). In total, 400 clones were isolated, and preliminarily evaluated for mutanase activity in flask microcultures. Eight most productive mutants were then quantified for mutanase production in shake flask cultures. The obtained results fully confirmed a great propensity of all the tested mutants to synthesize mutanase, the activity of which increased from 59 to 107% in relation to the parental T. harzianum culture. The best mutanase-overproducing mutant (T. harzianum F-340-48), obtained with nitrosoguanidine, produced the enzyme activity of 1.36 U/ml (4.5 U/mg protein) after 4 days of incubation in shake flask culture. This productivity was almost twices higher than that achieved by the initial strain F-340, and, at present, is the best reported in the literature. The potential application of mutanase in dentistry is also discussed.
KeywordsTrichoderma harzianum mutanase mutagenesis mutanase-overproducing mutants shake cultures
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This work was financially supported by the BW/BS/BiNoZ/UMCS Research Programs.
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