Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 56, Issue 3–4, pp 247–259 | Cite as

Influence of Subcutaneous Injection of Essential Fatty Acids on the Stress-Induced Modifications of Rat Platelet Aggregation and Membrane Lipid Composition

  • Sophie Ermidou-PolletEmail author
  • H. Nounopoulos
  • N. Sdougas
  • M. Szilágyi
  • S. Pollet


Membrane lipids play an important role in the function of blood platelets but the mechanisms by which the lipid composition of the platelet membrane is adjusted remain unclear. It has been shown that stress and poly-unsaturated fatty acids modified the lipid composition of blood plasma and platelet lipids, but very little is known about the effect of stress and fatty acids on membrane platelet lipid composition. The purpose of the present investigation was to study the influence of the essential fatty acids: linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids on the composition of the platelet membrane lipids of rats assigned to heat and restraint stress. It was shown that injections of polyunsaturated fatty acids decrease or suppress the stress-induced increase in platelet aggregation, suppress the stress-induced modification of the composition of the platelet membrane lipids and modify the fatty acid composition of the platelet membrane phospholipids.


Stress essential fatty acids platelet lipids 













phosphatidic acid








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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2005

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Ermidou-Pollet
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Nounopoulos
    • 1
  • N. Sdougas
    • 1
  • M. Szilágyi
    • 2
  • S. Pollet
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical SchoolUniversity of AthensGreece
  2. 2.Research Institute for Animal Breeding and NutritionHerceghalomHungary

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