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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 356–368 | Cite as

New Protocol for Colchicine Induced Efficient Doubled Haploidy in Haploid Regenerants of Tetraploid and Hexaploid Wheats at In vitro Level

  • P. SharmaEmail author
  • H. K. Chaudhary
  • N. V. Manoj
  • P. Kumar
Article

Abstract

An investigation to standardize the protocol for in vitro application of colchicine for enhancing the doubled haploid production in wheat was done. Two tetraploid (PDW-314 and A-9-30-1); and two hexaploid (DH-40 and C-306) wheat genotypes were used as maternal parents, whereas, the pollen sources involved Zea mays (cv. Bajaura Makka) and Imperata cylindrica. During the rabi seasons of years 2013–14 and 2014–15, wheat × maize and wheat × I. cylindrica hybridization was carried out followed by treatment of their haploids produced as a result of elimination of chromosomes of maize and I. cylindrica respectively, with varied doses of colchicine for different durations The various doses of colchicine were categorized into two groups: lower doses for longer durations (0.01, 0.025, 0.05% each for 5, 7, 9, 11 hrs) and higher doses for shorter durations (0.05, 0.075, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25% each for 5, 4, 3, 2 hrs). The response of different concentrations of colchicine applied for varied durations revealed significant differences for various doubled haploidy parameters viz., per cent survived plants, per cent doubled haploid formation and per cent doubled haploid seed formation. In hexaploid and tetraploid wheats, colchicine doses of 0.075% for 4 hrs and 0.15% for 4 hrs, respectively were established as optimum for enhanced doubled haploid production.

Keywords

wheat × Imperata cylindrica chromosome elimination colchicine in vitro doubled haploids 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. K. Chaudhary
    • 1
  • N. V. Manoj
    • 1
  • P. Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Cytogenetics and Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Crop ImprovementCSK HP Agricultural UniversityPalampur, Himachal PradeshIndia

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