Obtaining of Winter Rye (Secale Cereale L. ssp. Cereale) Haploid Embryos through Hybridization with Maize (Zea Mays L.)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selected factors on rye (Secale cereale L.) haploid embryo production by the wide crossing method. The study was performed on fifteen winter rye genotypes. This is the first time for rye when besides the genotype, on the enlargement of ovaries and haploid embryo production, such factors as: type of auxin analogues 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid (dicamba) and 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropyridine-2-carboxylic acid (picloram), and the time between florets emasculation and pollination were investigated. All factors had a significant impact on rye ovary enlargement, however the haploid embryo formation depended only on rye genotype, not on kind of auxin and days between emasculation to pollination. In total, twenty one haploid embryos were formed by six genotypes of fifteen tested. On average, 13.86% (after 2,4-D treatment) to 20.05% (after dicamba treatment) enlarged ovaries per emasculated florets were obtained. Most of the ovaries enlarged when florets were pollinated 4 and 6 days after emasculation. Most of the haploid embryos formed when florets were pollinated 6 days after emasculation. The obtained haploid embryos did not germinate.

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Correspondence to I. Marcińska.

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Marcińska, I., Czyczyło-Mysza, I., Skrzypek, E. et al. Obtaining of Winter Rye (Secale Cereale L. ssp. Cereale) Haploid Embryos through Hybridization with Maize (Zea Mays L.). CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 46, 521–532 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.46.2018.029

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Keywords

  • auxin
  • haploid embryo
  • maize
  • rye
  • wide crossing