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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 432–441 | Cite as

Influence of Water Deficit on Photosynthetic Activity, Dry Matter Partitioning and Grain Yield of Different Durum and Bread Wheat Genotypes

  • T. AllahverdiyevEmail author
  • I. Huseynova
Article

Abstract

We aimed to study the influence of soil water deficit on gas exchange parameters, dry matter partitioning in leaves, stem and spike and grain yield of durum (Triticum durum Desf.) and bread (Triticum aestivum L.) wheat genotypes in the 2013–2014 and 2014–2015 growing seasons. Water stress caused reduction of stomatal conductance, photosynthesis rate, transpiration rate, an increase of intercellular CO2 concentration. Photosynthesis rate positively correlated with growth rate of genotypes. Drought stress caused adaptive changes in dry matter partitioning between leaves, stem and spike of wheat genotypes. Stem dry mass increased until kernel ripening. Drought stress accelerated dry mass reduction in leaves and stem. High growth rate of spike dry mass was revealed in genotypes with late heading time. Spike dry mass positively correlated with photosynthesis rate and grain yield. Generally, bread wheat is more productive and tolerant to drought stress than durum wheat.

Keywords

dry mass gas exchange grain yield water deficit wheat 

Abbreviations

gs

stomatal conductance

Pn

photosynthesis rate

E

transpiration rate

Ci

intercellular CO2 concentration

CGR

crop growth rate

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Influence of Water Deficit on Photosynthetic Activity, Dry Matter Partitioning and Grain Yield of Different Durum and Bread Wheat Genotypes

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2017

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Crop Husbandry Ministry of Agriculture of Azerbaijan RepublicBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan

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