A long-term field experiment started in 1995 on Research Farm of Department of Soil Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar (India) was selected to study the effects of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on productivity, seed quality and nutrient use efficiency of wheat under pearl millet-wheat cropping system. The organic manures (15 Mg FYM, 5 Mg poultry manure and 7.5 Mg pressmud) were applied alone and in combination with fertilizers (150 kg N + 30 kg P2O5 ha−1) and compared with chemical fertilizers applied alone (150 kg N + 60 kg P2O5 ha−1 and 75 kg N + 30 kg P2O5 ha−1). The results showed that the application of organic manures in combination with N and P fertilizers significantly increased all yield attributes, i.e. plant height, number of tillers/m row length, spike length, number of grains/spike. Higher grain yield of wheat (61.4, 57.4 and 62.7 q ha−1) was observed when recommended dose of N and half of P was applied in conjunction with FYM, poultry manure and pressmud, respectively. Grain yield of wheat increased by 13.5, 6.1 and 15.9%, respectively, under same treatments when compared with recommended dose of N and P fertilizers. Among the organic manures, highest yield (32.9 q ha−1) was obtained with pressmud application. However, application of organic manures alone resulted in poor yield and even lower than 50% recommended dose of N and P fertilizer. All the seed quality parameters (standard germination, shoot length, root length, seedling dry weight, seedling vigour index-I and -II) improved with the combined application of organic manures and chemical fertilizers as compared to their individual application. The partial factor productivity of N and P increased with combined application organic manures and chemical fertilizer as compared to chemical fertilizers applied alone, however, nutrient harvest index and their utilization efficiency decreased with combined application of organic manures and fertilizers as compared to their individual application.
Araujo, A.P., Teixeira, M.G. 2003. Nitrogen and phosphorus harvest indices of common bean cultivars: Implications for yield quantity and quality. Plant Soil 257:425–433.
Antil, R.S., Narwal, R.P., Singh, B., Singh, J.P. 2011. Integrated nutrient management for sustainable soil health and crop productivity. Indian J. Fert. 7:14–32.
Bahadur, L., Tiwari, D.D., Mishra, J., Gupta, B.R. 2013. Nutrient management in rice-wheat sequence under sodic soil. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 61:341–346.
Böhme, L., Böhme, F. 2006. Soil microbiological and biochemical properties affected by plant growth and different long-term fertilization. European J. Soil Biol. 42:1–12.
Brar, B.S., Singh, J., Singh, G., Kaur, G. 2015. Effects of long term application of inorganic and organic fertilizers on soil organic carbon and physical properties in maize-wheat rotation. Agron. 5:220–238.
Channabasanagowda, N.K., Patil, B., Patil, B.N., Awaknavar, J.S., Ninganur, B.T., Hunje, R. 2008. Effect of organic manures on growth, seed yield and quality of wheat. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 21:366–368.
Chesti, M.H., Kohli, A., Sharma, A.K. 2013. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield of and nutrient uptake by wheat and soil properties under intermediate zone of Jammu and Kashmir. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 61:1–6.
Dekhane, S.S., Patil, N.B., Jadhav, K.P., Patel, D.J. 2015. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of paddy. Int. J. Trop. Agric. 33:149–151.
Dixon, J., Braun, H.J., Crouch, J. 2009. Transitioning wheat research to serve the future needs of the developing world. In: Wheat Facts and Futures. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), DF, Mexico.
Haile, D., Nigussie, D., Ayana, A. 2012. Nitrogen use efficiency of bread wheat: Effects of nitrogen rate and time of application. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nut.12:389–409.
ISTA 2011. International rules for seed testing. International Seed Testing Association. Baserdorf, Switzerland.
Koening, R.A., Johnson, C.R. 1942. Colorimetric determination of phosphorus in biological materials. Ind. Eng. Chem. Anal. 14:155–156.
Kumara, B.H., Antil, R.S., Dev Raj. 2013. Long term effects of nutrient management on soil health and crop productivity under Pearl millet-wheat cropping system. Indian J. Fert. 9:86–97.
Lindner, R.C. 1944. Rapid analytical methods for some of the more common inorganic constituents in plant tissue. Plant Physiol. 19:76–86.
Lopez-Bellido, R.J., Lopez-Bellido, L. 2001. Efficiency of nitrogen in wheat under Mediterranean condition: Effect of tillage, crop rotation and N fertilization. Field Crops Res. 71:31–64.
Muurinen, S., Kleemola, J., Peltonen-Sainio, P. 2007. Accumulation and translocation of nitrogen in spring cereal cultivars differing in nitrogen use efficiency. Agron. J. 99:441–449.
Narwal, R.P., Antil, R.S. 2005. Integrated nutrient management in pearl millet-wheat cropping system. In: Kapoor, K.K., Sharma, K.K., Dudeja, S.S., Kundu, B.S. (eds), National Symp. on Management of Organic Wastes for Crop Production. Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University. Hisar, India. pp. 205–213.
Parmer, D.K. 2014. Yield, produce quality and soil health under vegetable cropping systems as influenced by integrated nutrient management in mid-hill zone of Himachal Pradesh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci.62:45–51.
Peerzada, O.H., Mor, V.S., Abhinav, D., Axay, B., Dahiya, O.S., Pandey, V., Anzer, U.I., Mohammad, S.R. 2016. Influence of integrated nutrient management on seed quality of fenugreek (Trigonella FoenumgraecumL.). Environ. Eco. 34:2226–2230.
Raissi, A., Galavi, M., Ramroudi, M., Mousavi, S.R., Rasoulizadeh, M.N. 2012. Effects of phosphatebio-fertilizer, organic manure and chemical fertilizers on yield, yield components and seed capabilities of isabgol (Plantago ovate). International J. Agri. Crop Sci. 4:1821–1826.
Vukovic, I., Mesic, M., Zgorelec, Z., Jurisic, A., Sajko, K. 2008. Nitrogen use efficiency in winter wheat. Cereal Res. Commun. 36:1199–1202.
Zaki, N.M., Gomaa, M.A., Radwan, F.I., Hassanein, M.S., Wali, A.M. 2012. Effect of mineral, organic and bio-fertilizers on yield, yield components and chemical composition of some wheat cultivars. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 8:174–191.
Communicated by A. Aniol
About this article
Cite this article
Sheoran, S., Raj, D., Antil, R.S. et al. Productivity, Seed Quality and Nutrient Use Efficiency of Wheat (Triticum aestivum)under Organic, Inorganic and Integrated Nutrient Management Practices after Twenty Years of Fertilization. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 45, 315–325 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.45.2017.014
- grain yield
- yield attributes
- seed quality
- nutrient use efficiency