Advertisement

Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 435–443 | Cite as

Laboratory and Field Studies Demonstrating the Insecticidal Potential of Diatomaceous Earth against Wheat Aphids in Rice-wheat Cropping System of Punjab (India)

  • B. SinghEmail author
  • V. Singh
Open Access
Pathology

Abstract

Aphids have acquired the status of major pest in North-western plains of India. A complex of five species infests the wheat in this part of the country. The diatomaceous earth (DE) has the potential to substitute the most widely used method of chemical control. Laboratory and field investigations were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of DE either as soil or foliar application for suppression of wheat aphids during 2013–2014 and 2014–2015. The fecundity, adult longevity and total developmental duration of Rhopalosiphum padi decreased with the increasing dosage of soil application of DE in laboratory evaluation. However in field studies, no significant difference in aphid population was observed among different levels of DE application in soil. Foliar application of DE 150 kg/ha and higher dosages significantly reduced aphid population for initial two days but thereafter it had no effect on aphid prevalence. Wheat plant dusted with different dosages of DE did not show any visible injury but the reduction in chlorophyll content was observed in them. Overall, poor field efficacy coupled with loss of chlorophyll and safety issues relating to foliar application of DE proved against its use for control of sucking insect pests.

Keywords

diatomaceous earth wheat aphid incidence laboratory field Punjab 

References

  1. Alexander, P., Kitchener, J.A., Briscoe, H.V.A. 1944. Inert dust insecticides: Part III. The effect of dusts on stored products pests other than Calandra granaria. Ann. Appl. Biol. 31:156–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous 2013. Package of practices for crops of Punjab. Rabi. Punjab Agricultural University. Ludhiana, India.Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous 2014. Progress Report of All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Project 2013–14. Project Director’s Report. Sharma, I. (ed.), DWR, Karnal, India. 120 p.Google Scholar
  4. Arnaud, L., Huong, T.T.L., Yves, B., Eric, H. 2005. Efficacy of diatomaceous earth formulations admixed with grain against populations of Tribolium castaneum. J. Stored Prod. Res. 41:121–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Athanassiou, C.G., Kavallieratos, N.G., Meletsis, C.M. 2007. Insecticidal effect of three diatomaceous earth formulations, applied alone or in combination, against three stored-product beetle species on wheat and maize. J. Stored Prod. Res. 43:330–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bartlett, B.R. 1951. The action of certain “inert” dust materials on parasitic Hymenoptera. J. Economic Entomol. 44:891–896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Deol, G.S., Reese, J.C., Gill, B.S. 1997. A rapid, nondestructive technique for assessing chlorophyll loss from greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) feeding damage on sorghum leaves. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 70:305–312.Google Scholar
  8. Dhaliwal, G.S., Jindal, V., Dhawan, A.K. 2010. Insect pest problems and crop losses: changing trends. Indian J. Ecol. 37:1–7.Google Scholar
  9. Ebeling, W. 1971. Sorptive dusts for pest control. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 16:123–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elseewi, A.A., Straughan, I.R., Page, A.L. 1980. Sequential cropping of fly ash-amended soil: Effects on soil chemical properties and yield elemental composition of plants. Sci. Total Environ. 15:247–259Google Scholar
  11. Flanders, S.F. 1941. Dust as an inhibiting factor in the reproduction of insects. J. Econ. Entomol. 34:470–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Golob, P. 1997. Current status and future perspectives for inert dusts for control of stored product insects. J. Stored Prod. Res. 33:69–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. IRRI 1992. IRRISTAT version 92. Department of Statistics, Int. Rice Res. Institute. Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
  14. Kausar, S., Hussain, M.A., Khan, A.A. 2015. Foliar application of fly ash on wheat crop. Res. J. Environ. Toxic 9:268–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Korunic, Z. 1998. Review diatomaceous earths, a group of natural insecticides. J. Stored Prod. Res. 34:87–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kostyukovsky, M., Trostanetsky, A., Menasherov, M., Yasinov, G., Hazan, T. 2010. Laboratory evaluation of diatomaceous earth against main stored product insects. In: Proc. 10th Int. Working Conference on Stored Product Protection. June to 2 July 2010, Estoril, Portugal. Julius Kühn-Institut, Berlin, Germany. pp. 701– 705.Google Scholar
  17. Moore, D., Lord, J.C., Smith, S.M. 2000. Pathogens. In: Subramanyam, B.H., Hagstrum, D.W. (eds), Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-product IPM. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordreech, The Netherlands. pp. 193–227.Google Scholar
  18. Nakato, G.V. 2010. Effects of diatomaceous earth on cowpea field pests in Uganda. M.Sc. Thesis. http://hdl.handle.net/10570/918
  19. Nikpay, A. 2006. Diatomaceous earths as alternatives to chemical insecticides in stored grain. Insect Sci. 13:421–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Severin, H.H.P. 1931. Modes of antilops transmission by beet leaf beetle Eutettix tenellus (Baker). Hilgardia 6:254–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Singh, C. 1983. Modern Technology of Raising Field Crops. Oxford & IBM Publishing Co. Delhi, India. pp. 126–139.Google Scholar
  22. Stelle, J.P. 1880. Road dust vs. cotton-worms. American Entomol. 3:251–252.Google Scholar
  23. Subramanyam, B.H., Roesli, R. 2000. Inert dusts. In: Subramanyam, B.H., Hagstrum, D.W. (eds), Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-Product IPM. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordreecht, The Netherlands. pp. 321–380.Google Scholar
  24. Vardeman, E.A., Arthur, F.H., Nechols, J.R., Campbell, J.F. 2007. Efficacy of surface application with diatomaceous earth to control Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) in stored wheat. J. Stored Prod. Res. 43:335–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wakil, W., Ashfaq, M., Ghazanfar, M.U., Riasat, T. 2010. Susceptibility of stored-product insects to enhanced diatomaceous earth. J. Stored Prod. Res. 46:248–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wakil, W., Schmitt, T. 2015. Field trials on the efficacy of Beauveria bassiana, diatomaceous earth and Imidacloprid for the protection of wheat grains from four major stored grain insect pests. J. Stored Prod. Res. 64:160–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. White, G.D., Berndt, W.L., Schesser, J.H., Fified, C.C. 1966. Evaluation of inert dusts for the protection of stored wheat in Kansas from insect attack. Agric. Res. Service. United States Department of Agriculture. ARS- 51-8. Washington, DC, USA. 21 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of SoilsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations