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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 501–512 | Cite as

Appraisal of Maize Germplasm for Identification of Nutritionally Rich Nutraceutical Genotypes

  • R. Kaur
  • K. KaurEmail author
Breeding

Abstract

Thirty maize genotypes were characterized for their nutritional, antinutritional and nutraceutical traits for identification of elite germplasm rich in beneficial characteristics. Starch, proteins, lipids, tryptophan, lysine, β-carotene, condensed tannins, protease inhibitor, phytic acid, total phenols, flavonols, o-dihydroxy phenols and DPPH radical scavenging activity were determined in grains of all the genotypes. Correlation coefficient among the various parameters showed that lysine, total phenols, flavonols and o-dihydroxy phenols were negatively correlated with phytic acid content of the genotypes. This showed that the nutritional and the nutraceutical potency of genotypes, rich in lysine and phenolic compounds, is further propounded by a reduction of phytic acid content in them. On the basis of various constituents, the genotypes were divided into three groups. Group-A genotypes had high to moderate levels of both nutritional and nutraceutical traits. Group-B included those genotypes that exhibited high to moderate levels of either nutritional or nutraceutical traits. Group-C was constituted of genotypes that had lower levels of both nutritional and nutraceutical traits. Agglomerative hierarchical clustering showed that the D subcluster of MC-2 was chiefly comprised of genotypes that had high to moderate levels of both nutritional and nutraceutical traits. It may be concluded that CML134, CML266, TOO14601, LM11, CML264, CML321, SE563, LM10, LM18, LM14 and CML32 were nutritionally rich nutraceutical genotypes having low antinutrient potency.

Keywords

maize nutritional aspects antinutrients nutraceuticals 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to Dr. M.S. Grewal, Dept. of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana for providing maize germplasm.

Supplementary material

42976_2016_4403501_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (195 kb)
Appraisal of Maize Germplasm for Identification of Nutritionally Rich Nutraceutical Genotypes

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhiana, PunjabIndia

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