Advertisement

Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 341–348 | Cite as

Evaluation of Selected Indian Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes for Morpho-physiological and Biochemical Characterization under Salt Stress Conditions

  • S. SinghEmail author
  • R. S. Sengar
Agronomy

Abstract

Wheat is the second most important crop after rice in India and occupies approximately 28.5 million hectare area. Salinity is one of the major factors reducing plant growth and productivity worldwide, and affects about 7% of world’s total land area. In India about 6.73 million hectare land area is salt affected. The aim of this study was to investigate the morpho-physiological and biochemical response of wheat to temporal salinity (ECiw = 10.0 dSm−1) exposures. Ten wheat genotypes were evaluated in two successive growing seasons (2012–2014), with complete randomized design with three replications under both salinity stress and non-stress conditions. The morpho-physiological and biochemical character measured in this investigation, inhibited under both salt stresses (S1 & S2) conditions but much more significantly inhibited under long-term salinity exposure (S2) than S1 because interrupting the metabolic process of plant, resulting in reduced growth and productivity. According to correlation result, selection of high yield genotypes can be done based on plant height (0.649*), tiller plant−1 (0.808**) and leaf area (0.687*). The multivariate morpho-physiological and biochemical parameters should be further used to develop salinity tolerance in wheat breeding improvement programmes.

Keywords

abiotic stress leaf area sodium salt stress Triticum aestivum 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are gratefully acknowledged to Prof. H.S. Gaur, Vice Chancellor, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology (SVPUA&T), Meerut, for providing facilities to conduct research work (Ph.D) in the Department of Agriculture Biotechnology.

References

  1. Ali, G.M., Collins, J.C., McNeilly, T. 2004. Effect of increasing concentrations of sodium carbonate on pearl millet Pennisetum americanum. Int. Food Agr. Env. 2:265–272.Google Scholar
  2. Ashraf, M., Bokhari, M.H., Chishti, S.N. 1992. Variation in osmotic adjustment of accessions of lentil (Lens culinaris Medic.) in response to drought stress. Acta Bot. Netherlands 41:51–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashraf, M., Harris, P.J.C. 2004. Potential biochemical indicators of salinity tolerance in plants. Plant Scie. 166:3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashraf, M., Foolad, M.R. 2007. Role of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environ. and Exp. Bot. 59:206–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaum, S., Kirdmanee, C., Supaibulwatana, K. 2004. Biochemical and physiological responses of Thai jasmine rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica cv. KDML105) to salt stress. Sci. Asia 30:247–253.Google Scholar
  6. Chen, Z., Cuin, T.A., Zhou, M., Twomey, A., Naidu, B.P., Shabala, S. 2007. Compatible solute accumulation and stress mitigating effects in barley genotypes contrasting in their salt-tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 58:4245–4255.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Chinnusamy, V., Jagendorf, A., Zhu, J.K. 2005. Understanding and improving salt tolerance in plants. Crop Sci. 45:437–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Craine, J.M. 2005. Reconciling plant strategy theories of Grime and Tilman. J. Ecol. 93:1041–1052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cramer, G.R., Alberico, G.J., Schmidt, C. 1994. Salt tolerance is not associated with the sodium accumulation of two maize hybrids. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 21:672–692.Google Scholar
  10. de Lacerda, C.F., Cambraia, J., Oliva, M.A., Ruiz, H.A. 2005. Changes in growth and in solute concentrations in sorghum leaves and roots during salt stress recovery. Environ. Exp. Bot. 54:69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dong, Y., Ji, T., Dong, S. 2007. Stress responses to rapid temperature changes of the juvenile sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka). J. Ocean Uni. Chin. 6:275–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. El-Hendawy, S.E., Hu, Y., Yakout, G.M., Awad, A.M., Hafiz, S.E., Schmidhalter, U. 2005. Evaluating salt tolerance of wheat genotypes using multiple parameters. Eur. J. Agron. 22:243–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Evain, S., Flexas, J., Moya, I. 2004. A new instrument for passive remote sensing: 2. Measurement of leaf and canopy reflectance changes at 531 nm and their relationship with photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence. Remote Sens. Environ. 91:175–185.Google Scholar
  14. FAO 2006. World Agriculture towards 2030/2050 Interim report Global Perspective Studies Unit. FAO. Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  15. Flowers, T.J., Garcia, A., Koyama, M., Yeo, A.R. 1997. Breeding for salt tolerance in crop plants, the role of molecular biology. Acta Physiololia Plantarum 19:427–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Flowers, T.J. 2004. Improving crop salt tolerance. J. Exp. Bot. 55:307–319.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Frank, A.B., Bauer, A., Black, A.L. 1997. Effects of air temperature and water stress on apex development in spring wheat. Crop Sci. 27:113–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gadallah, M.A.A. 1999. Effects of proline and glycinebetaine on Vicia faba responses to salt stress. Biol. Plant. 42:249–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gorham, J., Wyn Jones, R.G., Bristol, A. 1990. Partial characterization of the trait for enhanced K/Na discrimination in the D genome of wheat. Planta 180:590–597.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Grieve, C.M., Francois, L.E. 1992. The importance of initial seed in wheat plant response to salinity. Plant and Soil 147:197–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Grieve, C.M., Lesch, S.M., Maas, E.V., Francois, L.E. 1993. Leaf and spikelet primordia initiation in salt-stressed wheat. Crop Sci. 22:1286–1294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Haroun, S.A. 2002. Fenugreek growth and metabolism in response to gibberellic acid and sea water. Assuit Univ. J. Bot. 31:11–12.Google Scholar
  23. Hasegawa, P.M., Bressan, R.A., Zhu, J.K., Bohnert, H.J. 2000. Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. and Mol. Biol. 51:463–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Keutgen, A.J., Pawelzik, E. 2007. Modifications of strawberry fruit antioxidant pools and fruit quality under NaCl stress. J. Agri. Food Chem. 55:4066–4072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kreps, J.A., Wu, Y., Chang, H.S., Zhu, T., Wang, X., Harper, J.F. 2002. Transcriptome changes for Arabidopsis in response to salt, osmotic and cold stress. Plant Physiol. 130:2129–2141.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Loreto, F., Centritto, M., Chartzoulakis, K. 2003. Photosynthetic limitations in olive cultivars with different Sensitivity to salt stress. Plant Cell Environ. 26:595–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Maas, E.V., Grieve, C.M. 1990. Spike and leaf development in salt-stressed wheat. Crop Sci. 30:1309–1313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mass, E.V., Poss, J.A. 1989. Salt sensitivity of cowpea at various growth stages. Irrigation Sci. 10:313–320.Google Scholar
  29. Mans, R., Rawson, H.M. 2004. Effect of salinity on salt accumulation and reproductive development in the apical meristem of wheat and barley. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 26:459–464.Google Scholar
  30. Mondal, A.K., Sharma, R.C., Singh, G., Dagar, J.C. 2010. Computerised database on salt affected soils in India. Techn. Bull. 2/2010. CSSRI. Karnal, India.Google Scholar
  31. Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ. 25:239–250.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Munns, R., Richard, A.J., Lauchli, A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. J. Exp. Bot. 57:1025–1043.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Naumann, J.C., Young, D.R., Anderson, J.E. 2008. Leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, reflectance and physiological response to fresh water and salt water flooding in the evergreen shrub, Myrica cerifera. Environ. Exp. Bot. 63:402–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ndayiragije, A., Lutts, S.D. 2006. Do exogenous polyamines have an impact on the response of a salt sensitive rice cultivar to NaCl. J. Plant Physiol. 163:506–516.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. Paranychianakis, N.V., Chartzoulakis, K. 2005. Irrigation of Mediterranean crops with saline water: from physiology to management practices. Agri. Ecosys. Environ. 106:171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Parida, A.K., Das, A.B. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and Environ. Safety 60:324–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Qadir, M., Tubeileh, A., Akhtar, J., Larbi, A., Minhas, P.S., Khan, M.A. 2008. Productivity enhancement of salt-affected environments through crop diversification. Land Degrad. Develop. 19:429–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rehman, P.J. 1996. The effect of sodium chloride on germination and the potassium and calcium contents of acacia seeds. Seed Sci. Technol. 25:45–57.Google Scholar
  39. Romero-Aranda, R., Moya, J.L., Tadeo, F.R., Legaz, F., Primo-Millo, E. 1998. Physiological and anatomical disturbances induced by chloride salts in sensitive and tolerant citrus: beneficial and detrimental effects of cations. Plant Cell Environ. 21:1243–1253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rosegrant, M., Paisner, M., Meijer, S., Witcover, J. 2001. Global food projections to 2020. Sensitivity to salt stress. Plant Cell Environ. 26:595–601.Google Scholar
  41. Shah, S., Gorham, I., Forster, B.P., Wyn Jones, R.G. 1987. Salt tolerance in the triticeae: the contribution of the D genome to cation selectivity in hexaploid wheat. J. Exp. Bot. 38:254–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Shah, S.T., Zamir, R., Ahmad, J., Ali, H., Lutfullah, G. 2007. In vitro regeneration of plantlets from seedlings explants of guava (Psidiumguajava L.) cv. Safeda. Pak. J. Bot. 40:1195–1200.Google Scholar
  43. Simons, R.G., Hunt, L.A. 1983. Ear and tiller number in relation to yield in a wide range of genotypes of winter wheat. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzüchtung 90:249–258.Google Scholar
  44. Singh, M.P., Singh, D.K., Rai, M. 2007. Assessment of growth, physiological and biochemical parameters and activities of antioxidative enzymes in salinity tolerant and sensitive Basmati rice varieties. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 193:398–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Turner, N.C. 1981. Techniques and experimental approaches for the measurement of plant water status. Plant Soil 58:339–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang, W., Vinocur, B., Shoseyov, O., Altman, A. 2001. Biotechnology of plant osmotic stress tolerance: physiological and molecular considerations. Acta Horticulturae 560:285–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhu, J.K. 2002. Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 53:247–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and TechnologyMeerutIndia

Personalised recommendations