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Cereal Research Communications

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 384–393 | Cite as

Tolerance of Some Wheat Varieties to Boron Toxicity

  • S. A. Ghaffari Nejad
  • G. R. Savaghebi
  • M. FarahbakhshEmail author
  • R. Maali Amiri
  • H. Rezaei
Physiology

Abstract

Boron (B) toxicity is an important problem in low rainfall and highly alkaline soils of central and southern part of Iran. We evaluated B toxicity tolerance of 10 Iranian wheat varieties in a greenhouse experiment. Experimental design was factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 10 wheat varieties × six B levels (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg B kg−1 soil) in three replications. The results showed a great range of tolerance among wheat varieties. Arg was the most tolerant one and Chamran showed the least tolerance. It seems that different mechanisms involved in B toxicity tolerance, namely exclusion of B from root, redistribution of B within leaves and integration of these two mechanisms. Significant negative linear correlation observed between shoot B concentration and shoot dry weight (r = 0.85, p < 0.01) and positive linear correlation between shoot B concentration and shoot dry weight reduction percentage (r = 0.82, p < 0.01).

Keywords

boron toxicity wheat varieties boron tolerance 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Ghaffari Nejad
    • 1
  • G. R. Savaghebi
    • 1
  • M. Farahbakhsh
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Maali Amiri
    • 1
  • H. Rezaei
    • 2
  1. 1.University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of TehranKarajIran
  2. 2.Soil and Water Research InstituteKarajIran

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