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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 69, Issue 2, pp 144–155 | Cite as

Essential Oil Composition and in vitro Antibacterial Activity of Chenopodium album subsp. Striatum

  • Negin Khomarlou
  • Parviz Aberoomand-AzarEmail author
  • Ardalan Pasdaran Lashgari
  • Hamid Tebyanian
  • Ali HakakianEmail author
  • Reza Ranjbar
  • Seyed Abdolmajid Ayatollahi
Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the bioactive compounds of essential oil and evaluate the antibacterial activity of the essential oil extracted from Chenopodium album subsp. striatum against multidrug-resistant bacterial strains (MDR) which were isolated from clinical specimens by conventional methods. Furthermore, eight different Gram-negative and Gram-positive multidrug-resistant bacterial strains were used to investigate the antibacterial potential of the essential oil. The antibacterial activity was tested using MIC and MBC microdilution method, well and disc diffusion in different concentration. The hydro-distillation of aerial parts powder yield was 0.466% (v/w). Essential oil showed bactericidal activity against both MDR Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. MIC and MBC results were ranged from 0.31 to 2.5 and 0.62 to 5.0 mg/mL. The inhibition zones in well-diffusion method were ranged from 7 ± 0.6 mm to 15 ± 1.0 mm. Disc diffusion method was ranged from 7 ± 0.0 mm to 16 ± 0.6 mm depending on the type of bacteria strain and essential oil concentration. Essential oil of Ch. album had the greatest potential to be considered as an antibacterial agent against MDR bacteria strain. This potential was due to different biological and bioactive compounds like phytol, linalool, α-terpineol and linolenic acid in the plant.

Keywords

GC analysis multidrug-resistant bacterial strains Chenopodium album subsp. striatum 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank for the help of all colleagues of Faculty Member of Production and Research Complex, Pasteur Institute of Iran.

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© Akadémiai Kiadó Zrt. 2018

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Negin Khomarlou
    • 1
  • Parviz Aberoomand-Azar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ardalan Pasdaran Lashgari
    • 2
  • Hamid Tebyanian
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ali Hakakian
    • 5
    Email author
  • Reza Ranjbar
    • 6
  • Seyed Abdolmajid Ayatollahi
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Medicinal Plants Processing Research CenterShiraz University of Medicinal SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Research Center for Prevention of Oral and Dental DiseaseBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Nanobiotechnology Research CenterBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Faculty Member of Production and Research ComplexPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  6. 6.Molecular Biology Research CenterBaqiyatallah University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  7. 7.Phytochemistry Research CenterShahid Beheshti University of Medicinal SciencesTehranIran

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