Exogenous Ascorbic Acid Improves Defence Responses of Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Exposed to Multiple Stresses

Abstract

Ascorbic acid is an important antioxidant that plays role both on growth and development and also stress response of the plant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ascorbate on physiological and biochemical changes of sunflower that was exposed to multiple stresses. Chlorophyll and carotenoid contents decreased and glutathione, ascorbate and malondialdehyde contents as well as antioxidant enzyme activities increased for sunflower plant that was exposed to 50 mM NaCl and pendimethalin at different concentrations. These changes were found to be more significant in groups simultaneously exposed to both stress factors. While malondialdehyde content decreased, chlorophyll, carotenoid, ascorbate, glutathione contents and antioxidant enzyme activities increased in plants treated exogenously with ascorbate, compared to the untreated samples. According to the findings of our study; compared to individual stress, the effect of stress is more pronounced in sunflower exposed to multiple stresses, and treatment with exogenous ascorbate reduces the negative effects of stress.

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Correspondence to Armagan Kaya.

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Kaya, A. Exogenous Ascorbic Acid Improves Defence Responses of Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Exposed to Multiple Stresses. BIOLOGIA FUTURA 68, 290–299 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1556/018.68.2017.3.6

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Keywords

  • Ascorbate
  • sunflower
  • pendimethalin
  • NaCl
  • antioxidant