Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 68, Issue 1, pp 88–100 | Cite as

Jasmonic and Salicylic Acids Enhanced Phytochemical Production and Biological Activities in Cell Suspension Cultures of Spine Gourd (Momordica dioica Roxb)

  • Ill-Min Chung
  • Kaliyaperumal Rekha
  • Govindasamy Rajakumar
  • Muthu ThiruvengadamEmail author


In vitro cell suspension culture was established for the production of commercially valuable phytochemicals in Momordica dioica. The influence of elicitors in jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) increased their effect on phytochemical production and biomass accumulation in M. dioica. The results indicate that compared with non-elicited cultures, JA- and SA-elicited cell suspension cultures had significantly enhanced phenolic, flavonoid, and carotenoid production, as well as antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiproliferative activities. Furthermore, elicited cultures produced 22 phenolic compounds, such as flavonols, hydroxycinnamic acids, and hydroxybenzoic acids. Greater biomass production, phytochemical accumulation, and biological activity occurred in JA- than in SA-elicited cell cultures. This study is the first to successfully establish M. dioica cell suspension cultures for the production of phenolic compounds and carotenoids, as well as for biomass accumulation.


Carotenoids cell suspension culture jasmonic acid phenolic compounds salicylic acid 


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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2017

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ill-Min Chung
    • 1
  • Kaliyaperumal Rekha
    • 2
  • Govindasamy Rajakumar
    • 1
  • Muthu Thiruvengadam
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Applied Bioscience, College of Life and Environmental SciencesKonkuk UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Herbal ScienceTamil UniversityThanjavurIndia

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