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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 64–74 | Cite as

Effect of Water Supply on Growth and Polyphenols of Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis L.) and Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris L.)

  • Éva Nómeth-ZámboriEmail author
  • Zsuzsanna Pluhár
  • Krisztina Szabó
  • Mahmoud Malekzadeh
  • Péter Radácsi
  • Katalin Inotai
  • Bonifác Komáromi
  • Katarzyna Seidler-Lozykowska
Article

Abstract

A pot experiment was carried out with lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.). Different water supply was applied: 25%, 40% and 70% saturation of soil water capacity (SWC). Morphological traits, biomass and phenolic type active ingredients were investigated.

Among the two species, main differences were registered in biomass and TPC. Lower SWC resulted in reduced biomass production of lemon balm, while the applied stress treatments did not effect the biomass of thyme. In lemon balm, highest TPC contents were measured in control plants both in shoots and roots but in thyme, the shoots showed a significantly increased TPC at the 25% SWC conditions. Neither the content of total flavonoids nor that of the rosmarinic acid was affected by the treatments. The antioxidant capacity proved to be in tight connection with the TPC in both species (r = 0.766–0.883). The rosmarinic acid content of lemon balm plants contributed to the antioxidant capacity, as well (r = 0.679–0.869).

Keywords

Water capacity drought stress polyphenols rosmarinic acid antioxidant activity 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Éva Nómeth-Zámbori
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zsuzsanna Pluhár
    • 1
  • Krisztina Szabó
    • 1
  • Mahmoud Malekzadeh
    • 1
  • Péter Radácsi
    • 1
  • Katalin Inotai
    • 1
  • Bonifác Komáromi
    • 2
  • Katarzyna Seidler-Lozykowska
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Medicinal and Aromatic PlantsCorvinus University of BudapestBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Richter Gedeon Pharmaceutical CompanyBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal PlantsPoznanPoland

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