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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 42–52 | Cite as

Tamarix Arborea Var. arborea and Tamarix Parviflora: Two Species Valued for Their Adaptability To Stress Conditions

  • Francesca GrisafiEmail author
  • Elisabetta Oddo
  • Maria Letizia Gargano
  • Simone Inzerillo
  • Gianni Russo
  • Giuseppe Venturella
Article

Abstract

The choice of stress resistant and highly adaptable species is a fundamental step for landscaping and ornamental purposes in arid and coastal environments such as those in the Mediterranean basin. The genus Tamarix L. includes about 90 species with a high endurance of adversity. We investigated the water relations and photosynthetic response of Tamarix arborea (Sieb. ex Ehrenb.) Bge. var. arborea and T. parviflora DC. growing in an urban environment. Both species showed no evidence of drought or salt stress in summer, and appeared to follow two strategies with T. arborea var. arborea investing in high carbon gain at the beginning of the summer, and then reducing photosynthetic activity at the end of the season, and T. parviflora showing lower but constant levels of photosynthetic activity throughout the vegetative season. For landscaping and ornamental purposes, we suggest T. arborea var. arborea when a fast-growing, high-cover species is necessary, and T. parviflora when less-invasive species are required.

Keywords

Tamarisks drought stress photosynthesis water potential 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca Grisafi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elisabetta Oddo
    • 2
  • Maria Letizia Gargano
    • 1
  • Simone Inzerillo
    • 2
  • Gianni Russo
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Venturella
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Forestal i Università di PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e FarmaceuticheUniversità di PalermoPalermoItaly

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