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Acta Biologica Hungarica

, Volume 66, Issue 3, pp 282–292 | Cite as

Combined Effects of Colonial Size and Concentration of Microcystis aeruginosa on the Life History Traits of Daphnia similoides

  • Zhang Xiaoli
  • Deng DaoguiEmail author
  • Zhang Kun
  • Wang Wenping
  • Ji Lei
Article

Abstract

Microcystis colonial size and concentration have detrimental effects on life history traits of Daphnia, but their detailed interactions have remained unclear so far. Our experiments show that the interaction between Microcystis colonial size and concentration on maturation time, life expectancy, net reproductive rate and innate capacity of increase in Daphnia similoides was significant. In all groups, the survival rate of D. similoides was 100% within 8 days. This value then declined quickly in the large-colony groups and in the SH group of Microcystis. Colonial M. aeruginosa significantly reduced the maturation time and body length at maturity of D. similoides. The number of offspring at frst reproduction per female in the SH group of Microcystis was significantly higher than those in other groups. Net reproductive rate of D. similoides in the SL group of Microcystis was significantly higher than those in other groups of Microcystis. The innate capacity of increase of D. similoides in small-colony Microcystis groups was significantly higher than that in the large-colony groups. The results suggested that the effect of small-colony Microcystis on the reproduction of Daphnia was positive under lower concentration, while their toxicity was intensitied under higher concentration when small-colony Microcystis were by Daphnia as food.

Keyword

Daphnia similoides Microcystis aeruginosa innate capacity of increase life history 

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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Xiaoli
    • 1
  • Deng Daogui
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhang Kun
    • 1
  • Wang Wenping
    • 1
  • Ji Lei
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Life Science, An Hui Key Laboratory of Resource and Plant BiologyHuaibei Normal UniversityHuaibeiChina

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