International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 84, Issue 4, pp 319–327 | Cite as

Oncostatin M Maintains the Hematopoietic Microenvironment and Retains Hematopoietic Progenitors in the Bone Marrow

  • Ken-ichi Minehata
  • Masaki Takeuchi
  • Yoko Hirabayashi
  • Tohru Inoue
  • Peter J. Donovan
  • Minoru Tanaka
  • Atsushi Miyajima


Bone marrow (BM) functions as the primary hematopoietic tissue throughout adult life by providing a microenvironment for the proliferation, differentiation, and retention of hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors. We describe novel roles for oncostatin M (OSM) in the BM hematopoietic microenvironment. Hematopoietic progenitor activity in OSM-deficient mice was reduced in BM but elevated in the spleen and peripheral blood. The level of circulating granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was increased, whereas that of stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) was decreased in OSM-deficient mice. Moreover, the ability of OSM-deficient BM stromal cells to support hematopoiesis in vitro was significantly reduced. These results indicate that OSM plays a unique role in hematopoiesis by maintaining the proper microenvironment for BM hematopoiesis; it also retains hematopoietic progenitors in BM by regulating G-CSF and SDF-1 levels.

Key words

Oncostatin M Hematopoiesis Microenvironment Bone marrow Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor Stromal cell-derived factor 1 


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken-ichi Minehata
    • 1
  • Masaki Takeuchi
    • 1
  • Yoko Hirabayashi
    • 2
  • Tohru Inoue
    • 2
  • Peter J. Donovan
    • 3
  • Minoru Tanaka
    • 1
    • 4
  • Atsushi Miyajima
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Molecular and Cellular BiosciencesUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.National Institute of Health SciencesTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Stem Cell Research CenterUniversity of California IrvineIrvineUSA
  4. 4.Core Research for Evolutionary Science and Technology (CREST) of Japan Science and Technology CorporationKawaguchiJapan

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