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International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 182–185 | Cite as

Successful Treatment of a Patient with POEMS Syndrome by Tandem High-Dose Chemotherapy with Autologous CD34+ Purged Stem Cell Rescue

  • Hiroshi Kojima
  • Yuna Katsuoka
  • Yukitaka Katsura
  • Sachie Suzuki
  • Kazumi Suzukawa
  • Yuichi Hasegawa
  • Toshiro Nagasawa
Case Report

Abstract

A 36-year-old man was admitted because of numbness and muscle weakness in the lower extremities. He had gait disturbance, malaise, and body weight loss. Based on the existence of monoclonal gammopathy, the proliferation of abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow, the presence of sclerotic bone lesion, polycythemia, mild splenomegaly, and an elevated level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (14,900 pg/mL; normal, 62-707), he was diagnosed as having peripheral neuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome. Following 2 courses of conventional chemotherapy with doxorubicin and dexamethasone, peripheral blood stem cells were mobilized by high-dose etoposide (500 mg/m2 X 3 days) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. After purging by CD34+ selection using the CliniMACS device, the selected cells (12.4 X 106/kg) were cryopreserved. He was then treated with tandem high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) (melphalan 100 mg/m2 X 2 days) with autologous stem cell rescue. After the first course of HDC, the serum level of VEGF normalized and the minimal residual disease in the bone marrow was reduced below the detection limit of CDR3 analysis by polymerase chain reaction. The patient has been in remission for more than 20 months. He has gradually recovered from the neurological symptoms and now has no impairments of daily living. Our experience suggests that autologous purged stem cell transplantation should be considered as the treatment of choice for POEMS syndrome.

Key words

POEMS syndrome Tandem high-dose chemotherapy CD34+ purged stem cell rescue 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Kojima
    • 1
  • Yuna Katsuoka
    • 1
  • Yukitaka Katsura
    • 1
  • Sachie Suzuki
    • 1
  • Kazumi Suzukawa
    • 1
  • Yuichi Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Toshiro Nagasawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Hematology, Institute of Clinical MedicineUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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