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International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 119–123 | Cite as

High Incidence of α-Thalassemia, Hemoglobin E, and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency in Populations of Malaria-Endemic Southern Shan State, Myanmar

  • Aung Myint Than
  • Teruo Harano
  • Keiko Harano
  • Aye Aye Myint
  • Tetsuya Ogino
  • Shigeru Okadaa
Article

Abstract

Samples from 916 members of various ethnic groups from malaria-endemic southern Shan State, Myanmar, were analyzed for α-thalassemia (α-thal), β -thalassemia (β -thal), abnormal hemoglobin variants, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Of these subjects, 530 (57.9%) were found to have at least one of these red cell genetic disorders.The overall frequencies for the various red cell genetic disorders were as follows: α-thal, 37.5% (343/916); hemoglobin E (Hb-E), 20.3% (186/916); G6PD-Mahidol, 17.5% (160/916); and β-thal, 0.3% (3/916). The frequencies of combined disorders were 6.9% (63/ 916) for α-thal/Hb-E, 5.7% (52/916) for α-thal/G6PD-Mahidol, 2.8% (26/916) for Hb-E/G6PD-Mahidol, 1.1% (10/916) for α-thal/Hb-E/G6PD-Mahidol, and 0.1% (1/916) for α-thal/β-thal/G6PD-Mahidol. Of the various ethnic and non-ethnic groups, the Bamar population showed the highest frequencies of α-thal (56.9%, 177/311), Hb-E (28.3%, 88/311), and G6PD-Mahidol (21.2%, 66/311) (all duplicated and triplicated cases were included). In addition, 2 new mutations, an a gene triplication (/αααanti3.7; 0.2%, 2/916) and Hb-Neapolis (0.1%, 1/916), were detected. Our results showed that race was the dominant factor affecting the frequencies of red cell genetic disorders in malaria-endemic areas of Myanmar.

Key words

α-Thalassemia β-Thalassemia Hemoglobin E G6PD deficiency Myanmar 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aung Myint Than
    • 1
  • Teruo Harano
    • 2
  • Keiko Harano
    • 2
  • Aye Aye Myint
    • 3
  • Tetsuya Ogino
    • 1
  • Shigeru Okadaa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathological Research, Faculty of MedicineOkayama University Graduate School of Medicine and DentistryOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKawasaski Medical SchoolKurashikiJapan
  3. 3.Department of PathologyUniversity of Medicine IIYangonMyanmar

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