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International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 79, Issue 5, pp 465–471 | Cite as

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Single-Institution Clinical Study in Japan

  • Naohiro Sekiguchi
  • Junko Nishimoto
  • Kazuki Tanimoto
  • Shigeru Kusumoto
  • Yasushi Onishi
  • Takashi Watanabe
  • Yukio Kobayashi
  • Hisao Asamura
  • Yoshikazu Kagami
  • Yoshihiro Matsuno
  • Kensei Tobinai
Article

Abstract

Several clinicopathologic studies of primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (Med-DLBCL) have been reported from Western countries; however, only a few series of at most 10 cases are available in Japan.To further clarify the Med-DLBCL occurring in Japan, we analyzed the clinical features of 28 patients with Med-DLBCL diagnoses who were treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital between 1982 and 2002. The median age was 37 years (range, 18–80 years). The ages of 16 male patients ranged widely from 18 to 80 years, whereas the 12 female patients appeared to show a single age peak at 20 to 40 years. Only 13 patients (46%) achieved a complete response with initial treatments, mostly by CHOP-like regimens (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine [Oncovin], and prednisolone) followed by radiotherapy.The estimated 3-year overall and failure-free survival rates were 32% and 33%, respectively, indicating the relatively unfavorable prognosis of the patients in our series.The following factors were found to be significantly associated with shortened survival prospects: age >60 years, serum lactate dehydrogenase level greater than normal, performance status >1, and presence of bulky mediastinal mass. In conclusion, the clinical features of Japanese patients with Med-DLBCL may be different from those with the disease in Western countries. Because this investigation was a single-institution study with a limited number of patients, however, multicenter confirmatory studies are needed.

Key words

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma Japan Geographical variation Treatment Prognostic factor 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naohiro Sekiguchi
    • 1
  • Junko Nishimoto
    • 1
  • Kazuki Tanimoto
    • 1
  • Shigeru Kusumoto
    • 1
  • Yasushi Onishi
    • 1
  • Takashi Watanabe
    • 1
  • Yukio Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Hisao Asamura
    • 2
  • Yoshikazu Kagami
    • 3
  • Yoshihiro Matsuno
    • 4
  • Kensei Tobinai
    • 1
  1. 1.HematologyNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Thoracic SurgeryNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Radiation OncologyNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Clinical Laboratory DivisionsNational Cancer Center HospitalTokyoJapan

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