Recovery of Neutrophil Count by Ganciclovir in Patients with Chronic Idiopathic Neutropenia Associated with Cytomegalovirus Infection in Bone Marrow Stromal Cells
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Patients with chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN) usually show chronic inflammation in their bone marrow stromal cells, but the etiologies of this disorder are still unknown. We suspected viral infection of the bone marrow stromal cells and used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis to test for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in 4 patients with CIN and in 6 healthy volunteers. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells did not yield signals in any of the patients or healthy volunteers, but PCR analysis for CMV DNA in bone marrow stromal cells showed positive signals in 2 of the patients with CIN. CMV DNA was not detected in the other 2 patients or in the healthy volunteers. The 2 patients who were positive for stromal CMV received 500 mg/day ganciclovir for 14 days. After this treatment, the PCR band showing the presence of stromal CMV disappeared, and the neutrophil numbers of the 2 patients who received this viral eradication therapy normalized 6 months after treatment. In conclusion, the etiology in some cases of CIN is speculated to be infection by CMV in bone marrow stromal cells, and treatment with ganciclovir may be effective in treating such patients.
Key wordsGanciclovir Cytomegalovirus Stromal cell Neutropenia
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