Monitoring the expression profiles of doxorubicin-resistant K562 human leukemia cells by serial analysis of gene expression
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We examined the expression profiles of doxorubicin-resistant K562 cells by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) to identify novel and/or partially characterized genes that might be related to drug resistance in human leukemia. SAGE complementary DNA (cDNA) libraries were constructed from K562 and doxorubicin-resistant K562 (K562/ADM) cells, and concatamer sequences were analyzed with SAGE 2000 software.We used 9792 tags in the identification of 1076 different transcripts, 296 of which were similarly expressed in K562 and K562/ADM cells.There were 343 genes more actively expressed in K562/ADM than in parental K562 cells and 437 genes expressed less often in K562/ADM cells. K562/ADM cells showed increased expression of well-known genes, including the genes for spectrin β, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1A (EIF1A), RAD23 homolog B, laminin receptor 1, and polyA-, RAN-, and PAI-1 messenger RNA-binding proteins. K562/ ADM cells showed decreased expression of the genes for fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1), hemoglobin ε 1, N-myristoyltransferase 1, hemoglobin α 2, NADH dehydrogenase Fe-S protein 6, heat shock 90-kDa protein, and karyopherin β1. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis confirmed the increased expression of EIF1A and the decreased expression of FADS1 in K562/ADM cells. Prior to this investigation, such differences in the expression of these genes in doxorubicinresistant leukemia cells were unknown. Although we do not provide any evidence in the present report for the potential roles of these genes in drug resistance, SAGE may provide a perspective into our understanding of drug resistance in human leukemia that is different from that provided by cDNA microarray analysis.
Key wordsSAGE Expression profile K562 Doxorubicin Resistance
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