Acta Parasitologica

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 544–548 | Cite as

Prevalence and risk factors associated with endoparasitosis of dogs and cats in Espírito Santo, Brazil

  • Diefrey Ribeiro Campos
  • Luanna Castro Oliveira
  • Daniele Fassina de Siqueira
  • Lívia Reisen Perin
  • Nayara Camatta Campos
  • Karina Preising Aptekmann
  • Isabella Vilhena Freire MartinsEmail author


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for the occurrence of endoparasitosis in dogs and cats in Espírito Santo, Brazil. For the study, 345 dogs and 160 cats were examined. Faecal samples from the animals were collected, and owners were interviewed about their handling of their animals. For the diagnosis of the infections, the Willis-Molley, simple centrifugal flotation and formalin-ether sedimentation techniques were performed. The data found in the tests were tabulated and analysed with a chi-square test (p <0.05), and calculation of odds ratios (OR) with confidence intervals of 95% were then performed to determine the association between the variables and the outcome of stool examinations. The prevalence of parasites was 59% for dogs and 54% for cats. The genus Ancylostoma was the most prevalent (45%). Supplying filtered water, not feeding raw foods, standardisation of a defecation site and cleaning up the faeces reduced the chances of developing intestinal parasites. An increased frequency of deworming was also shown to be a protective factor; specifically animals which received anthelmintic more than once a year had a lower predisposition for intestinal parasites.


Faecal exams intestinal parasites pets prevalence risk factors worms 


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Copyright information

© Witold Stefański Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diefrey Ribeiro Campos
    • 1
  • Luanna Castro Oliveira
    • 2
  • Daniele Fassina de Siqueira
    • 2
  • Lívia Reisen Perin
    • 2
  • Nayara Camatta Campos
    • 2
  • Karina Preising Aptekmann
    • 3
  • Isabella Vilhena Freire Martins
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Veterinarian, Graduate Program in Veterinary SciencesFederal University of Espírito SantoBrazil
  2. 2.Student Course of Veterinary MedicineFederal University of Espírito SantoBrazil
  3. 3.Veterinarian, Dr. Department of Veterinary MedicineFederal University of Espírito SantoBrazil
  4. 4.Veterinarian, Dr. Federal Department of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Espírito SantoAlegreBrazil

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