Acta Geophysica

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 1093–1111 | Cite as

Application of Ground Penetrating Radar Surveys and GPS Surveys for Monitoring the Condition of Levees and Dykes

  • Dariusz Tanajewski
  • Mieczysław Bakuła
Open Access


This paper analyses the possibility of using integrated GPS (Global Positioning System) surveys and ground penetrating radar surveys to precisely locate damages to levees, particularly due to the activity of small fossorial mammals. The technology of intercommunication between ground penetrating radar (GPR) and an RTK (Real-Time Kinematic) survey unit, and the method of data combination, are presented. The errors which may appear during the survey work are also characterized. The procedure for processing the data so that the final results have a spatial character and are ready to be implemented in digital maps and geographic information systems (GIS) is also described.

Key words

Ground Penetrating Radar surveys GPS RTK levees monitoring data synchronization 


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Copyright information

© Tanajewski and Bakuła 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Warmia and Mazury in OlsztynPolandUSA

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