Acta Geophysica

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 237–252 | Cite as

Local Ionospheric Modeling Using the Localized Global Ionospheric Map and Terrestrial GPS

  • Mohammad Ali Sharifi
  • Saeed Farzaneh
Open Access


global ionosphere maps are generated on a daily basis at CODE using data from about 200 GPS/GLONASS sites of the IGS and other institutions. The vertical total electron content is modeled in a solargeomagnetic reference frame using a spherical harmonics expansion up to degree and order 15. The spherical Slepian basis is a set of bandlimited functions which have the majority of their energy concentrated by optimization inside an arbitrarily defined region, yet remain orthogonal within the spatial region of interest. Hence, they are suitable for decomposing the spherical harmonic models into the portions that have significant strength only in the selected areas. In this study, the converted spherical harmonics to the Slepian bases were updated by the terrestrial GPS observations by use of the least-squares estimation with weighted parameters for local ionospheric modeling. Validations show that the approach adopted in this study is highly capable of yielding reliable results.


spherical Slepian functions spherical harmonics ionospheric modelling 


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Copyright information

© Sharifi and Farzaneh 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Research Institute of Geoinformation Technology (RIGT), College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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