Advertisement

Hormones

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 307–313 | Cite as

Comparison of the American Thyroid Association with the Endocrine Society practice guidelines for the screening and treatment of hypothyroidism during pregnancy

  • Atieh Amouzegar
  • Ladan Mehran
  • Farzaneh Sarvghadi
  • Hossein Delshad
  • Fereidoun Azizi
  • John H. Lazarus
Review

Key words

Guideline Hypothyroidism Management Pregnancy Screening 

References

  1. 1.
    Glinoer D, 1997 The regulation of thyroid function in pregnancy: pathways of endocrine adaptation from physiology to pathology. Endocr Rev 18: 404–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burrow GN, Fisher DA, Larsen PR, 1994 Maternal and fetal thyroid function. N Engl J Med 331: 1072–1078.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    De Groot L, Abalovich M, Alexander EK, et al, 2012 Management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy and postpartum: An endocrine society clinical practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97: 2543–2565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Quinn FA, Gridasov GN, Vdovenko SA, Krasnova NA, Vodopianova NV, Epiphanova MA, 2005 Schulten M. Prevalence of abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone and thyroid peroxidase antibody-positive results in a population of pregnant women in the Samara region of the Russian Federation. Clin Chem Lab Med 43: 1223–1226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shields BM, Knight BA, Hill AV, Hattersley AT, Vaidya B, 2013 Five-year follow-up for women with subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98: 1941–1945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Altomare M, LA Vignera S, Asero P, et al, 2013 High prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women. J Endocrinol Invest 36: 407–411.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mosso ML, Martínez GA, Rojas MP, et al, 2012 Frequency of subclinical thyroid problems among women during the first trimester of pregnancy. Rev Med Chil 140: 1401–1408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Soldin OP, Soldin D, Sastoque M, 2007 Gestation-specific thyroxine and thyroid stimulating hormone levels in the United States and worldwide. Ther Drug Monit 29: 553–559.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stagnaro-Green A, Abalovich M, Alexander E, et al, American Thyroid Association Taskforce on Thyroid Disease during Pregnancy and Postpartum 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum. Thyroid 21: 1081–1125.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Haddow JE, Palomaki GE, Allan WC, et al, 1999 Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. N Engl J Med 341: 549–555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Abalovich M, Gutierrez S, Alcaraz G, Maccallini G, Garcia A, Levalle O, 2002 Overt and subclinical hypothyroidism complicating pregnancy. Thyroid 12: 63–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leung AS, Millar LK, Koonings PP, Montoro M, Mestman JH, 1993 Perinatal outcome in hypothyroid pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol 81: 349–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Negro R, Schwartz A, Gismondi R, Tinelli A, Mangieri T, Stagnaro-Green A, 2010 Universal screening versus casefinding for detection and treatment of thyroid hormonal dysfunction during pregnancy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95: 1699–1707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Negro R, Schwartz A, Gismondi R, Tinelli A, Mangieri T, Stagnaro-Green A, 2010 Increased pregnancy loss rate in thyroid antibody negative women with TSH levels between 2.5 and 5.0 in the first trimester of pregnancy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95: E44–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Casey BM, Dashe JS, Wells CE, et al, 2005 Subclinical hypothyroidism and pregnancy outcomes. Obstet Gynecol 105: 239–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cleary-Goldman J, Malone FD, Lambert-Messerlian G, et al, 2008 Maternal thyroid hypofunction and pregnancy outcome. Obstet Gynecol 112: 85–92.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pop VJ, Brouwers EP, Vader HL, Vulsma T, van Baar AL, de Vijlder JJ, 2003 Maternal hypothyroxinaemia during early pregnancy and subsequent child development: a 3-year follow-up study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 59: 282–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lazarus JH, Bestwick JP, Channon S, et al, 2012 Antenatal thyroid screening and childhood cognitive function. N Engl J Med 366: 493–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Benhadi N, Wiersinga WM, Reitsma JB, Vrijkotte TG, Bonsel GJ, 2009 Higher maternal TSH levels in pregnancy are associated with increased risk for miscarriage, fetal or neonatal death. Eur J Endocrinol 160: 985–991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mannisto T, Vaarasmaki M, Pouta A, et al, 2010 Thyroid dysfunction and autoantibodies during pregnancy as predictive factors of pregnancy complications and maternal morbidity in later life. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95: 1084–1094.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vaidya B, Anthony S, Bilous M, et al, 2007 Detection of thyroid dysfunction in early pregnancy: Universal screening or targeted high-risk case finding? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92: 203–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Behrooz HG, Tohidi M, Mehrabi Y, Behrooz EG, Tehranidoost M, Azizi F, 2011 Subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy: intellectual development of offspring. Thyroid 21: 1143–1147.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Man EB, Brown JF, Serunian SA, 1991 Maternal hypothyroxinemia: psychoneurological deficits of progeny. Ann Clin Lab Sci 21: 227–239.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang S, Teng WP, Li JX, Wang WW, Shan ZY, 2012 Effects of maternal subclinical hypothyroidism on obstetrical outcomes during early pregnancy. J Endocrinol Invest 35: 322–325.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Henrichs J, Bongers-Schokking JJ, Schenk JJ, et al, 2010 Maternal thyroid function during early pregnancy and cognitive functioning in early childhood: the generation R study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95: 4227–4234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Morreale de Escobar G, Obregón M J, Escobar del Rey F, 2000 Is neuropsychological development related to maternal hypothyroidism or to maternal hypothyroxinemia? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85: 3975–3987.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Hellenic Endocrine Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atieh Amouzegar
    • 1
  • Ladan Mehran
    • 1
  • Farzaneh Sarvghadi
    • 1
  • Hossein Delshad
    • 2
  • Fereidoun Azizi
    • 1
  • John H. Lazarus
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Endocrine SciencesShahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. IranTehranIran
  2. 2.Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine SciencesShahid Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Centre for Endocrine and Diabetes SciencesUniversity Hospital of Wales, Cardiff School of MedicineCardiffWales, UK

Personalised recommendations