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Effects of long-term feeding dairy cows on a diet supplemented with clinoptilolite on certain serum trace elements


The objective of the experiment was to investigate the effect of clinoptilolite (a natural zeolite) supplementation in the ration of dairy cows on serum copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) concentrations. Fifty-two clinically healthy Holstein cows were randomly assigned to one of three groups according to their age and parity. The first group (group A) comprised 17 cows fed a ration supplemented with 1.25% clinoptilolite, the second group (group B) comprised also 17 cows was given a ration with 2.5% clinoptilolite, and the third group (group C, the control), comprised 18 cows fed the basal ration that did not contain any clinoptilolite. The experiment started when the cows entered the fourth week before the expected parturition and lasted until the end of lactation. All cows were fed the above concentrates during the entire experimental period. Blood sample were collected from each animal at the starting day of the experiment, at the day of calving, and at monthly intervals thereafter. All samples were tested for serum Cu, Zn, and Fe concentrations. The results showed that the 1.25 and 2.5% supplementation of clinoptilolite did not have any adverse effects on serum concentrations of Cu, Zn, and Fe.

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Katsoulos, P.D., Roubies, N., Panousis, N. et al. Effects of long-term feeding dairy cows on a diet supplemented with clinoptilolite on certain serum trace elements. Biol Trace Elem Res 108, 137–145 (2005).

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Index Entries

  • Clinoptilolite
  • dairy cows
  • serum Cu
  • serum Zn
  • serum Fe