Immunologic Research

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 253–258

Lymphocyte antigen receptor gene assembly

Multiple layers of regulation
Article

DOI: 10.1385/IR:32:1-3:253

Cite this article as:
Sleckman, B.P. Immunol Res (2005) 32: 253. doi:10.1385/IR:32:1-3:253

Abstract

Lymphocyte antigen receptor genes are assembled through the cutting and joining of segments of DNA in developing lymphocytes. The basic features of the biochemical steps of this assembly process, referred to as the V(D)J recombination, are similar for the assembly of all lymphocyte antigen receptor genes, yet this assembly is precisely regulated in several important contexts during lymphocyte development. It has long been appreciated that this occurs through modulation of accessibility of antigen receptor loci to the enzymatic complex that assembles antigen receptor genes. However, recent studies have suggested that some regulatory constraints may be enforced at the level of the V(D)J recombination reaction itself. This review focuses on recent advances in the understanding of the regulation of antigen receptor gene assembly, with particular attention paid to the assembly of T-cell receptor β-chain genes during T-cell development.

Key Words

Lymphocyte antigen receptor genes TCRβ chain gene V(D)J recombination reaction Allelic exclusion B12/23 restriction 

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathology and ImmunologyWashington University School MedicineSt. Louis

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