Immunologic Research

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 1–6

Peroral immunotheraphy with yolk antibodies for the prevention and treatment of enteric infections

  • David Carlander
  • Hans Kollberg
  • Per-Erik Wejåker
  • Anders Larsson
Article

Abstract

Oral administration of specific antibodies is an attractive approach to establish protective immunity against gastrointestinal pathogens in humans and animals. The increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria emphasize the need to find alternatives to antibiotics. Immunotherapy can also be used against pathogens that are difficult to treat with traditional antibiotics.

Laying hens are very good producers of specific antibodies. After immunization, the specific antibodies are transported to the egg yolk from which the antibodies then can be purified. A laying hen produces more than 20 g of yolk antibodies (IgY) per year. These antibodies also have biochemical properties that make them attractive for peroral immunotherapy: They neither activate mammalian complement nor interact with mammalian Fc receptors that could mediate inflammatory response in the gastrointestinal tract. Eggs are also normal dietary components and thus there is practically no risk of toxic side effects of IgY. Yolk antibodies have been shown in several studies to prevent bacterial and viral infections.

Key Words

Antibody Chicken Egg Immunoglobulin Yolk Review 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Carlander
    • 1
  • Hans Kollberg
    • 2
  • Per-Erik Wejåker
    • 1
  • Anders Larsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical SciencesUniversity HospitalUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsChildren's University HospitalUppsalaSweden

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