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Endocrine

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 43–48 | Cite as

Adolescence

The period of dramatic bone growth
  • Connie M. Weaver
Article

Abstract

Adolescence is a period of rapid skeletal growth during which nearly half of the adult skeletal mass is accrued. This life stage is a window of opportunity for influencing peak bone mass and reducing the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Endocrine factors that may influence peak bone mass include insulin-like growth factor-1, which regulates skeletal growth, and gonadotropic hormones, which stimulate epiphyseal maturation. Estrogen deficiency and amenorrhea can reduce skeletal mass. Weight-bearing exercise can increase bone mass. Appropriate mineralization of the skeleton requires adequate dietary intakes of minerals involved in the formation of hydroxyapatite; the most likely to be deficient is calcium.

Key Words

Adolescence peak bone mass calcium physical activity amenorrhea 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Foods and NutritionPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette

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