, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 407–415

Ovarian hormones elicit phosphorylation of akt and extracellular-signal regulated kinase in explants of the cerebral cortex


DOI: 10.1385/ENDO:14:3:407

Cite this article as:
Singh, M. Endocr (2001) 14: 407. doi:10.1385/ENDO:14:3:407


Estradiol and progesterone both have been demonstrated to afford neuroprotection against various insults. In an attempt to identify potential mechanisms underlying these neuroprotective effects, two key elements within signal transduction pathways linked to neuroprotection were evaluated. In mouse cerebral cortical explants, both estradiol and progesterone elicited the phosphorylation of Akt, a downstream effector of the phosphoinositide-3 (PI-3) kinase pathway. Progesterone also elicited the phosphorylation of extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK), a component of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. These effects were not inhibited by the progesterone receptor antagonist, RU486. However, inhibition of either MAPK/ERK kinase with PD98059 or PI-3 kinase with LY294002 successfully inhibited progesterone's actions on ERK and Akt, respectively. Collectively, the data offer novel mechanisms for both progesterone and estrogen action in the central nervous system, demonstrating the functional and mechanistic diversity of gonadal hormones and supporting their neuroprotective potential for such neurodegenerative disorders as Alzheimer disease.

Key Words

Progesterone estrogen Akt extracellular-signal regulated kinase neuroprotection signal transduction 

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Reproductive SciencesColumbia University, College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York
  2. 2.Department of Obstrics and GynecologyColumbia University, College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York

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