Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 80, Issue 1, pp 43–51 | Cite as

Serum manganese concentrations in a representative sample of the Canarian population

  • Carlos Díaz
  • Félix López
  • Patricia Henríquez
  • Elena Rodríguez
  • Lluis Serra-Majem


Serum manganese (Mn) concentrations of 368 individuals 6–75 yr of age (179 males and 189 females) living in the Canary Islands were determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The mean manganese concentration was 1.06 ± 0.62 µg/L, ranging between 0.19 and 3.33 µg/L. Most of the analyzed samples (63.3% of the samples) fall within the reference interval (0.54–1.76 µg/L) for apparently healthy people. Individuals from Fuerteventura presented with mean Mn concentrations significantly higher than individuals from the rest of the islands. This could be attributed to differences in the Mn content of soil and/or differences in dietary habits of the population. Serum Mn concentration did not vary with gender, and individuals younger than 18 yr old had the highest mean Mn concentration, compared to the rest of the age groups considered. No relation to socioeconomic status, educational level, and tobacco or alcohol consumption was found. However, the serum Mn concentration tended to decrease when increasing the consumption of wine or beer. Sportsmen presented significantly higher serum Mn concentrations than the rest.

Index Entries

Serum manganese Canary Islands smoking habits alcohol consumption physical exercise nutritional epidemiology 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Díaz
    • 1
  • Félix López
    • 2
  • Patricia Henríquez
    • 2
  • Elena Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Lluis Serra-Majem
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food ScienceUniversity of La LagunaSanta Cruz de TenerifeSpain
  2. 2.Department of Clinical SciencesUniversity of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain

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