Laccase from Trametes versicolor

Stability at temperature and alkaline conditions and its effect on biobleaching of hardwood kraft pulp
  • Maria E. A. De Carvalho
  • M. C. Monteiro
  • G. L. Sant'AnnaJr.
Article

Abstract

The enzyme laccase was produced by the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor in repeated batches cultures with immobilized mycelium. Two different culture conditions were used. Enzymes produced were evaluated regarding their stability a thigh temperatures (55°C and 65°C) and at alkaline conditions (pH 7.0 and pH 8.0) having in view the application of these enzymes in biobleaching of hardwood Kraft pulp.

Biobleaching experiments were divided in two parts, enzymatic prebleaching followed by chemical bleaching. In the enzymatic prebleaching the enzyme laccase was used at two conditions of pH and temperature, whereas the reaction time was fixed at 1h in all pretreatments. In the chemical bleaching the DEDED and DEpDED sequences were used.

The enzyme action was evaluated by Kappa number, viscosity, and brightness at the end of bleaching sequences. There were obtained values of Kappa numbers lower than control assays, viscosities compatible with industrial pulps, and brightness higher than controls, when pulps were pretreated for 1 h with laccase at pH 8.0 and 55°C.

Index Entries

Trametes versicolor laccase biobleaching kappa number reduction brightness increase 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria E. A. De Carvalho
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. C. Monteiro
    • 3
  • G. L. Sant'AnnaJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de BiotecnologiaFaculdade de Engenharia Química de LorenaLorenaBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRJ
  3. 3.COPPEUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroBrazil

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