Surface modification of neural probes with conducting polymer poly(hydroxymethylated-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and its biocompatibility
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A novel conducting polymer, poly(hydroxymethylated-3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophene) (PEDOT-MeOH), was electrochemically deposited onto the electrodes of micromachined neural probes. Uniformly distributed film was obtained from aqueous solution when doped with polystyrenesulfonate. The surface morphology was rough and had good cellular adhesion. Impedance spectroscopy showed that the magnitude of coated electrode was lower than that of the bare gold over a range of frequencies from 100 to 105 Hz. Since the biocompatibility of the interface between the neural probes and brain tissue plays an important role when the probes are implanted in the central nervous system for long-term application, biomolecules were incorporated into the coating. Nonapeptide CDPGYIGSR was codeposited as the counterion in the conducting films. The surface morphology of the coating was fuzzy, providing many bioactive sites for interaction with neural cells. The magnitude of impedance was as low as 53 kω at the biologically relevant frequency of 1 kHz. An in vitro experiment demonstrated that the neuroblastoma cells grew preferentially on the PEDOT-MeOH/CDPGYIGSR-coated electrode sites and spread beyond the electrode area.
Index EntriesConducting polymer surface modification micromachined neural probe biocompatibility
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