Background: Different changes of plasma ghrelin levels have been reported following gastric banding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and biliopancreatic diversion. Methods: This prospective study compares plasma ghrelin levels and weight loss following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in 20 patients. Results: Patients who underwent LSG (n=10) showed a significant decrease of plasma ghrelin at day 1 compared to preoperative values (35.8 ± 12.3 fmol/ml vs 109.6 ± 32.6 fmol/ml, P=0.005). Plasma ghrelin remained low and stable at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. In contrast, no change of plasma ghrelin at day 1 (71.8 ± 35.3 fmol/ml vs 73.7 ± 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.441) was found in patients after LAGB (n=10). Increased plasma ghrelin levels compared with the preoperative levels at 1 (101.9 ± 30.3 fmol/ml vs 73.7 ± 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.028) and 6 months (104.9 ± 51.1 fmol/ml vs 73.7 ± 24.8 fmol/ml, P=0.012) after surgery were observed. Mean excess weight loss was higher in the LSG group at 1 (30 ± 13% vs 17 ± 7%, P=0.005) and 6 months (61 ± 16% vs 29 ± 11%, P=0.001) compared with the LAGB group. Conclusions: As a consequence of resection of the gastric fundus, the predominant area of human ghrelin production, ghrelin is significantly reduced after LSG but not after LAGB. This reduction remains stable at follow-up 6 months postoperatively, which may contribute to the superior weight loss when compared with LAGB.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
About this article
Cite this article
Langer, F.B., Reza Hoda, M.A., Bohdjalian, A. et al. Sleeve Gastrectomy and Gastric Banding: Effects on Plasma Ghrelin Levels. OBES SURG 15, 1024–1029 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1381/0960892054621125
- MORBID OBESITY
- SLEEVE GASTRECTOMY
- GASTRIC BANDING