Quality-of-Life Outcome After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding for Morbid Obesity
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Background: The definition of success and failure of a bariatric procedure should include weight loss as well as improvement of comorbidity and quality-of-life (QoL) assessment. QoL measures changes in physical, functional, mental, and social health in order to evaluate benefits of new programs and interventions. Material and Methods: From April 1995 until March 1999, 287 patients underwent laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB) at Northwest Hospital Frankfurt a.M. (Germany). In this study, 100 of 287 patients (preoperative mean BMI 48.3 kg/m2; mean age 35.2 years) with a follow-up >18 month were evaluated. All patients underwent anonymous questionnaire (26 questions with a maximum score of 60) about different aspects of QoL outcome after LSAGB. Results: In this study, 4 of 100 patients refused to give an answer to the QoL questions. Therefore 96 patients were evaluated. The QoL auto-evaluation of the patients shows that QoL generally improved after surgery in 92%. Using the scoring system, 44% of patients have excellent, 52% good, and only 4% bad results. The 4 patients who refused had to be classified as failure. General acceptance of LSAGB is wide, but gastrointestinal side effects are recognizable in more than 78% of operated patients. Successful weight loss is followed by an improvement of comorbidities. Conclusions: Safe, effective bariatric procedures increase the quality of life in morbidly obese patients markedly. Bariatric surgeons are committed to support and help their patients until they reach a new quality of life after obesity surgery.
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