Lessons Learned from the First 100 Cases in a New Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery Program
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Background:Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is a technically demanding procedure with a steep learning curve. Experienced laparoscopic surgeons and bariatric surgeons can learn from the outcomes and complications of their initial experience in LRYGBP.n Methods: Between August of 2002 and July of 2003, we performed our first 100 LRYGBPs. Our surgical technique involves the ante-colic, ante-gastric placement of the Roux-limb. A 21-mm circular stapler is used to create the gastrojejunostomy. The stapler anvil is placed transgastrically.n Results:The mean preoperative BMI was 49.7 kg/m2 (range 37-70). 12% of patients were male. Early complications (14%) included 3 leaks, 4 bleeding episodes and 2 gastrogastric fistulas. There was 1 peri-operative mortality and 1 conversion to laparotomy. Late complications (17%) included stenosis of the gastrojejunostomy which occurred in 14 patients. Leaks occurred more commonly in males (16% vs 1%, P<0.05). Elevated BMI was also found to be a risk factor for leak (BMI 58.7 leak vs 49.3 no leak, P<0.05). Stenosis was often associated with other complications such as leak or marginal ulcer. Stenosis responded well to endoscopic dilation. Co-morbid medical conditions responded to weight loss in all patients, regardless of initial BMI. Mean excess weight loss was 69% at 1 year, but varied according to preoperative BMI. Conclusions: Careful recording of patient outcomes and complications is important, particularly in a new minimally invasive bariatric surgery program. Review and analysis of specific complications may help to minimize the occurrence of similar subsequent complications.
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