Obesity Surgery

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 579–588 | Cite as

Psychological Profile of the Morbidly Obese

  • Gerbrand C M van Hout
  • Irina van Oudheusden
  • Guus L van Heck
Article

Background: In the surgical treatment of morbid obesity, surgery on its own represents only one element. In fact, bariatric surgery is a forced behavior modification; in addition to surgery, psychological factors play an important role in its results. Because of the importance of the psychological factors and the possibility to intervene in them, there is a need for a better understanding of morbidly obese patients, especially those who are candidates for bariatric surgery. Thus, this article reviews their psychological profile. Methods: A systematic literature search identified relevant variables reflecting personality and psychopathology, eating behavior, social problems, and quality of life. Results: Morbidly obese patients are described as depressed, anxious,having poor impulse control, low self-esteem, and impaired quality of life. Dieting, rigid control, and disinhibition characterize their eating behavior. This seems to be especially true for morbidly obese patients seeking surgical treatment for their obesity. Conclusion: The existing literature about the characteristics of the morbidly obese is far from conclusive; this may in part be due to the use of poor methods of assessment.

PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE PERSONALITY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY EATING BEHAVIOR MORBID OBESITY BARIATRIC SURGERY QUALITY OF LIFE 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerbrand C M van Hout
    • Irina van Oudheusden
    • Guus L van Heck

    There are no affiliations available

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