Advertisement

Obesity Surgery

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 65–71 | Cite as

Body Image: Appearance Orientation and Evaluation in the Severely Obese. Changes with Weight Loss

  • John B Dixon
  • Maureen E Dixon
  • Paul E O'Brien
Article

Background: The severely obese experience discrimination and embarrassment regarding their appearance, causing psychosocial distress. We assessed the importance of appearance, presentation and self-evaluation of appearance before and after weight loss, in severely obese subjects (BMI >35 kg/m2). Methods: Appearance orientation (AO) and appearance evaluation (AE) sections of the Multidimentional Body Self Relations Questionnaire were completed by preoperative patients and those attending an annual follow-up after Lap-Band® gastric restrictive surgery over a 2-year period. AO is a measure of the importance one places in appearance. AE is a self-evaluation of one's appearance. Results: Before surgery 322 consecutive patients (48 men and 274 women) completed the survey. AO was similar to that of community norms (mean scores 3.76 ± SD 0.6 vs 3.84 ± 0.6), with the exception of the super obese (BMI >50 kg/m2) who placed significantly less importance on their appearance (3.34, ± 0.8, p=0.001). There was no change in AO at 1-4 years after surgery, with the exception of the super obese whose mean values rose to normal by 1 year. AE was very low before surgery compared with community normal values (1.6 ± 0.6 vs 3.4 ± 0.8, p<0.001). Major improvement in mean AE was seen at 1 year after surgery (n=209, 2.6 ± 0.8, p<0.001) and the improvement was maintained out to 4 years.The change in AE from pre-surgery to 1 year (n=122 paired) correlated positively with the percentage of excess weight lost (r=0.32, p<0.01) and positively with measures of quality of life and psychological disturbance. Conclusion: Major improvements in appearance evaluation occur with weight loss after surgery and this is associated with psychological benefit.

MORBID OBESITY BARIATRIC SURGERY WEIGHT LOSS PSYCHOLOGICAL STATUS QUALITY OF LIFE 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B Dixon
    • Maureen E Dixon
      • Paul E O'Brien

        There are no affiliations available

        Personalised recommendations