, Volume 67, Issue 5–6, pp 421–424 | Cite as

GC-MS Determination of 1-Methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole in Soils Affected by Rocket Fuel Spills in Central Kazakhstan

  • Bulat KenessovEmail author
  • Svetlana Batyrbekova
  • Mikhail Nauryzbayev
  • Timur Bekbassov
  • Mereke Alimzhanova
  • Lars Carlsen


The paper describes a method for the determination of 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole (MT) in soils contaminated due to space activities at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. MT is the main transformation product of the primary rocket fuel, 1,1-dimethylhydrazine (UDMH). The analytical procedure is based on gas chromatography in combination with mass-spectrometric detection. The detection limit of the method was determined to be 0.005 mg kg−1. A series of authentic samples from the fall regions of the burned out first stages of UDMH fueled rockets has been analyzed disclosing MT concentrations in the range of 0.020 to 100 mg kg−1.


Gas chromatography mass spectrometry Environmental study Rocket fuel 1-Methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole 


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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlag/GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bulat Kenessov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Svetlana Batyrbekova
    • 1
  • Mikhail Nauryzbayev
    • 1
  • Timur Bekbassov
    • 1
  • Mereke Alimzhanova
    • 1
  • Lars Carlsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Center of Physico-Chemical Methods of Investigations and Analysis of al-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  2. 2.Awareness CenterRoskildeDenmark

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