Imperfections in tree stand failures

  • C. K. Clarke
  • D. Halimunanda
Case Histories


Analyses of two climbing tree stand accidents are presented to show that serious imperfections in the chains would not have produced the failures had the tree stands been used within rated capacity. Stress analysis and tests demonstrated that roller chain with cracked links could operate at rated capacity without further crack growth and showed that loads approximately three times rated capacity were required to cause the pullout of an improperly staked pin. Although the chains in the tree stands involved in both accidents had serious imperfections, the imperfections did not produce a failure of the product within the rated capacity of the tree stands. However, operating conditions in excess of the rated capacity exposed the imperfections and led to the failures. Neither imperfection should have been considered a defect because they did not reduce the capacity of the tree stands below the rated capacity.


imperfections intergranular fracture roller chain strain gage tests stress analysis tree stand 


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    S.P. Timoshenko and J.M. Gere: Mechanics of Materials, D. Van Nostrand Company, New York, 1972, pp. 335–37.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. K. Clarke
    • 1
  • D. Halimunanda
    • 1
  1. 1.Metallurgical ConsultingMobile

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