Mechanical behavior of Al-Al2O3 MMC manufactured by PM techniques part I—scheme I processing parameters

  • A. A. Mazen
  • A. Y. Ahmed


Metal matrix composites (MMC) were manufactured using hot pressing followed by hot extrusion of aluminum (Al) powder reinforced by alumina (AI2O3) particles. Under tensile as well as compressive loads, a strength improvement of 64 to 100 % compared to the matrix material strength was obtained. The percent elongation to fracture ranged from 20 to 30%, which indicates good ductility as compared to the ductility of MMC manufactured by other techniques. Optical as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examinations were used for characterization of the material microstructure and fracture behavior. Porosity retained in the microstructure was very limited in the case of pure aluminum billets. Microstructural examination revealed uniform distribution of Al2O3 particles in the Al-matrix. Under tensile loads, voids opened by decohesion between the matrix and reinforcement. Such behavior led to a decrease in strength properties of the MMC as a function of reinforcement volume fraction. The fracture surface is dominated by the ductile fracture features, that is, dimples. Voids were found to initiate at retained porosity sites at the AI/AI2O3 interface or in the matrix close to the interface due to stress concentration. The SEM revealed the formation of a complex fine subgrain structure. Such a polygonized structure is a major source of strengthening.


fractography mechanical behavior metal matrix composites microstructures powder metallurgy 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Mazen
    • 1
  • A. Y. Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Dept.The American UniversityCairoEgypt

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