Advertisement

Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences

, Volume 47, Issue 10, pp 896–911 | Cite as

Northwest trending tectonic belt in the middle Yanshan Orogenic Belt of northeast Hebei Province, North China: Tectonic evolution and geochronology

  • Changhou ZhangEmail author
  • Ganguo Wu
  • Genhou Wang
  • Weijie Zhang
  • Honglin Song
Article

Abstract

The northwest trending tectonic belt in the middle part of the Mesozoic intraplate Yanshan Orogenic Belt, northeast Hebei Province, is composed of thrusts, extensional faults, strike-slip faults and syntectonic sedimentations as well. The northeastward basement-involved major thrusting deformation occurred between 174Ma and 168MaBP and was followed by an intrusion of the granitic plutonic rocks. As a part of the post-thrusting extensional deformations a northwest extending volcano-sedimentation system of Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous formed in the southwest side of the belt. These volcano-sedimentary sequences are divided into Tuchengzi Formation, Zhangjiakou Formation, Yixian Formation and Jiufotang Formation respectively. They are characterized by southeastward migration as a result of the increasing down-dip slip displacement along the major extensional fault toward the southeast of the belt. The provenance area of the Jiufotang Formation north to it experienced southwestward thrusting during and after its later sedimentation. The thrusting in this stage resulted in the formation of an asymmetric footwall syncline with vergence to SW in the Jiufotang Formation in the NE side of the basin. Finally a dextral strike-slip deformation occurred along the NW tectonic belt. The striking tectono-geomorphological features and present seismic activities along this belt indicate that it has been being active since Cenozoic era and is still in the active state at present. This northwest extending tectonic belt was following the same direction and location as the existing fault systems within the basement as revealed by former geological and geophysical studies. So it is reasonable to infer the Mesozoic deformation along this belt to be a result of reactivation of the basement structures in a favorable tectonic stress field. The reactivation of basement structures might be taken as one of the mechanisms of intraplate deformation and orogeny.

Keywords

Yanshan Orogenic Belt northwest extending tectonic complex thrust system geochronology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wang Yu, Study on isotope geochemistry of Changcheng type gold deposit, East Hebei, Acta Geoscientia Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 1997, 18(Suppl.): 145–147.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang Yu, Yangwensi, Fan Binghong, Geological and geochemical features of Changcheng style Au deposit, Geology and Geological Exploration (=Di Zhi Zao Kuang Lun Cong) (in Chinese with English abstract), 1997, 12(3): 24–32.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiong Qunyao, Pei Rongfu, Mei Yanxing, A preliminary discus-sion on some problems concerning metallogeny of the Chang-cheng type gold deposits in eastern Hebei, Mineral Deposit (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 18(2): 189–193.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li Junjian, Shen Baofeng, Zhai Anmin et al., New progress in re-search on Meso Proterozoic carbonate-hosted disseminated gold deposits in eastern Hebei Province, Progress in Precambrian Re-search (in Chinese with English abstract), 1998, 21(2): 32–34.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Qin Yongzheng, The discussion about prospects of gold and silver ores related to metamorphic core complex-extensiona tectonics in Yanshan area, Progress in Precambrian Research (in Chinese with English abstract), 1997, 20(2): 37–43.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao Shuo, Yin Baojun, Wang Guangsheng et al., The imminent prediction for Qianan-Qinglong MS4. 2 earthquake, North China Earthquake Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 18(2): 41–44.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhang Changhou, Song Honglin, Wang Genhou et al., Mesozoic dextral strike-slip structural system inmiddle segment of intraplate Yanshan Orogenic Belt, northern China, Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese with English ab-stract), 2001, 26(5): 464–472.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang Anjian, Tectonic units of the Archean crystalline basement in Eastern Hebei, Regional Geology of China (in Chinese with English abstract), 1991, 10(4): 323–334.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Niu Baogui, He Zhengjun, Song Biao et al., SHRIMP age dating on Zhangjiakou Formation and its important significance (in Chi-nese), Geological Bulletin of China, 2003, 22(2): 140–141.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shao Ji’an, Zhang Lüqiao, Chu Zhuyin, Early Cretaceous volcan-ism-sedimentation in northern Hebei and its tectonic setting: A discussion, Geological Bulletin of China (in Chinese with English abstract), 2003, 22(6): 384–390.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang Jiliang, Libingze, Zhou Dexing et al., Intermediate and Fel-sic Plutonic Rocks and Their Bearings on the Metallogeny in He-bei Province (in Chinese), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1994, 213.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xu Xiwei, Cheng Guoliang, Ma Xingyuan et al., Rotation model and dynamics of blocks in North China and its adjacent areas, Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese with English abstract), 1994, 19(2): 129–138.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jiang Wali, Zhang Yingli, Characteristics of NW trending surface fractures of strong earthquakes and activity of the Holocene faults of the boundary of North China plain, Earthquake Research in China (in Chinese with English abstract), 1997, 13(3): 263–270.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu Jie, Song Changqing, Chu Quanzhi, Preliminary study on the seismotectonic characters of the Zhangjiakou-Penglai fault zone, Seismology and Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), 1998, 20 (2): 146–154.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xu Jie, Ma Zongjin, Chen Guoguang et al., NW trending active fault zones of the eastern Chinese continent in neotectonic time, Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese with English abstract), 2003, 10(Suppl.): 193–198.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fu Zhengxiang, Liu Jie, Liu Guiping, Research on medium and longterm seismic risk in Zhangjiakou Penglai fault zone, Eath-quake Research in China (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 16(4): 334–341.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gao Zhanwu, Xu Jie, Song Changqing et al., The segmental char-acter of Zhangjiakou-Penglai fault, North China Earthquake Sci-ences (in Chinese with English abstract), 2001, 19(1): 36–54.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zheng Wenjun, Shao Yongxin, Study on the distribution of the precursory anomalies along the seismic tectonic zones around Bohai Sea and the evaluation for the tendency of seismic risk (in Chinese with English abstract), Earthquake, 2002, 22(3): 33–38.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Han Zhujun, Xu Jie, Ran Zaikang et al., Active blocks and earth-quake activities in North China, Science in China (Series D) (In Chinese), 2003, 33(Supp.): 108–118.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Huang Liren, Guo Liangqian, GPS measurement (1995-1996) in the northern area of North China and its explanation, Seismolgy and Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), 1998, 20(4): 423–430.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gu Guohua, Wang Ruobai, Sun Huijuan et al., Results of GPS surveys for crustal deformation in North China and their implica-tions to earthquake geology, Seismology and Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 21(2): 97–104.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhang Xi, Jiang Zaisen, Zhang Xiaoliang et al., Aseismic negative dislocation inversion of recent horizontal crust movement in North China, Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics (in Chinese with English abstract), 2002, 22(3): 40–45.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    He Zhengjun, Li Jinyi, Niu Baogui et al., A late Jurassic intense thrusting-uplifting event in the Yanshan-Yinshan area, Northern China, and its sedimentary response(in Chinese with English abstract), Geological Review, 1998, 44(4): 407–417.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    He Zhengjun, Wang Zongqi, Ren Jishun, A preliminary research on sedimentary features and genetic mechanism of frontal basins before Jurassic large-scale nappe in the northern region of North China, Scientia Geologica Sinica (in Chinese with English ab-stract), 1999, 34(2): 186–195.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Coney, P. J., The regional tectonic setting and possible cause of Cenozoic extension in the North America Cordillera (eds. Coward, M. P., Dewey, J. F., Hancock, P. L.), Continental Extensional Tec-tonics, Geological Society Special Publication No. 28, 1987, 177–186.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dewey, J. F., Extensional collapse of orogens, Tectonics, 1988, 7: 1123–1139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hutton, D. H. W., Alsop, G. I., Extensioal geometries as a result of regional scale thrusting: tectonic slides of the Dunlewy-NW Donegal area, Ireland, Journal of Structural Geology, 1995, 17(9): 1279–1292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Coogan, J. C., DeCelles, P. G., Extensional collapse along the Sevier Desert reflection, northern Sevier Desert basin, western United States, Geology, 1996, 24(10): 933–936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    O’Sullivan, P. B., Foster, D. A., Multiple postorogenic denudation events: An example from the eastern Lachlan fold belt, Australia, Geology, 1996, 24(6): 563–566.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Thompson, A. B., Schulmann, K., Jezek, J. et al., Thermally sof-tened continental extensional zones (arcs and rifts) as precursors to thickened orogenic belts, Tectonophysics, 2001, 332: 115–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Scisciani, V., Tavarnelli, E., Calamita, F., The interaction of ex-tensional and contractional deformations in the outer zones of the Central Apennines, Italy, Journal of Structural Geology, 2002, 24: 1647–1658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Foster, D. A., Fanning, C. M., Geochronology of the northern Idaho batholith and the Bitterroot metamorphic core complex: Magmatism preceding and contemporaneous with extension, GSA Bulletin, 1997, 109(4): 379–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mian Liu, Cenozoic extension and magmatasm in the North American Cordillera: the role of gravitational collapse, Toctono-physics, 2001, 342, 407–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Sonder, L. J. England, P. C., Wernicke, B. P. et al., A physical model for Cenozoic extension of western North America, (eds: Coward, M. P., Dewey, J. F., Hancock, P. L.), Continental Exten-sional Tectonics, Geological Society Special Publication No. 28, 1987, 187–201.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Deng Jinfu, Zhao Hailing, Mo Xuanxue et al., Continetal Root-Plume Tectonics of China-Key To The Continental Dy-namics (in Chinese), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1996, 110.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zheng Jianping, Mesozoic-Cenozoic Mantle Replacement and Lithospheric Thinning Beneath the Eastern China (in Chinese with English abstract), Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press, 1999, 126.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cui Shengqin, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Intracontinental Orogen-ism of the Yanshan Area, China (in Chinese with English abstract), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2002, 386.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ma Xingyuan, Wu Zhengwen, Tan Yingjia et al., Tectonics of North China platform basement, Acta Geologica Sinica (in Chi-nese with English abstract), 1979, 53(4): 293–304.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Cui Shengqin, Yang Zhensheng, Qiu Ganlin et al., Neoproterozoic Tectonic evolution in Yanshan area, Scientific papers on geology for international exchange prepared for the 26th IGC, (1) Teconics and Geological Mechanism (in Chinese with English abstract), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1980, 117–128.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Song Honglin, Characteristics of Yanshan type intraplate orogenic belt and a discussion on its dynamics, Earth Sciences Frontiers (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 6(4): 309–316.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Holdsworth, R. E., Hand, M., Miller, J. A. et al., Continental reacti-vation and reworking: an introduction (eds. Miller, J.A., Holdsworth, R. E., Buick, I. S. et al.), Continental Reactivation and Reworking, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2001, 184, 1–12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changhou Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ganguo Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Genhou Wang
    • 2
  • Weijie Zhang
    • 2
  • Honglin Song
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Tectonics and Lithoprobing TechnologyChina University of Geosciences, Ministry of Education of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth Sciences and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations