The mass estimation of volatile emission during 1199–1200 AD eruption of Baitoushan volcano and its significance

  • Zhengfu Guo
  • Jiaqi Liu
  • Shuzhen Sui
  • Qiang Liu
  • Huaiyu He
  • Yunyan Ni


On the basis of the study of volcanic products during 1199–1200AD eruption of Baitou Mountain (Baitoushan), the released volatile content was estimated by comparing Cl, F, S, H2O concentrations of undegassed glass inclusions with those of degassed matrix glasses. The calculations show that volatile yields, released from the melt, are 109.88 × 106 ton of HCl, 196.80 × 106 ton of HF, 1477.84 × 106 ton of H2O, 23.14 × 106 ton of SO2, which could have formed 35.43 x106 ton of H2SO4 aerosol in the atmosphere. They could have substantial effect on paleoclimate and paleo-environment.


Baitoushan volcano glass inclusion H2SO4 aerosol volatile 


  1. 1.
    Stothers, R., The great Tambora eruption in 1815 and its aftermath, Science, 1984, 224: 1191–1198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hofmann, D. J., Oltmans, S. J., Observation and possible causes of new ozone depletion in Antarctica in 1991, Nature, 1992, 359: 283–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nilsson, K., Peach, C. L., Sulfur speciation, oxidation state, and sulfur content in backarc magmas, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1993, 57: 3807–3813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barclay, J., Carroll, M., Houghton et al., Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 1996, 74: 75–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu, R., Fan, Q., Zheng, X. et al., The magma evolution of Tianchi volcano, Changbaishan, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(4): 382–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cui, Z., Jin, D., Li, N., The historical record discovery of 1199–2000 AD large eruption of Changbaishan-Tianchi volcano and its significance, Acta Petrologica Sinica (in Chinese), 16(2): 191–193.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu, J., Volcanoes in China (in Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 1999, 13–126.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Horn, S., Schmincke, H. U., Volatile emission during the eruption of Baitoushan Volcano (China/North Korea) ca.969AD, Bull. Volcanol., 2000, 61: 537–555.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu, R., Qiu, S., Cai, L. et al., The date of last large eruption in Changbaishan-Tianchi volcano and its significance, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(1): 69–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Qin, Z., Lu, F., Anderson, A., Diffusive reequilibration of melt and fluid inclusions, Am. Mineral., 1992, 77: 565–576.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rampino, M. R., Self, S., Historic eruptions of Tambora(1815), Krakatau(1883), and Agung(1963), their stratospheric aerosols, and climatic impact, Quaternary Research, 1983, 18: 127–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Devine, J. D., Sigurdsson, H., Davies, A. N., Estimates of sulfur and chlorine yield to the atmosphere from volcanic eruptions and potential climatic effects, J. Geophys. Res., 1984, 89: 6309–6325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Metrich, N., Rutherford, M., Experimental study of chlorine behaviour in hydrous silicic melts, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 1992, 56: 607–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Machida, H., Arai, F., Extensive ash falls in and around the Sea of Japan from large late Quaternary eruptions, J. Volcanol. Geothermal. Res., 1983, 18: 151–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fierstein, J., Nathenson, M., Another look at the calculation of fallout tephra volumes, Bull. Volcanol., 1992, 54: 156- 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stebbins, J. F., Sykes, D., The structure of NaAlSi3O8 liquid an high pressure: New constraints from NMR spectroscopy, Am. Mineral., 1990, 75: 943–946.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yao, T., Climatic and environmental record in the past about 2000 years from the Guliya Ice Core, Quaternary Sciences (in Chinese), 1997, (1): 52–61.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zielinski, G., Mayewski, P., Meeker, L., et al., Record of volcanism since 7000BC from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system, Science, 1994, 264: 948–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhengfu Guo
    • 1
  • Jiaqi Liu
    • 1
  • Shuzhen Sui
    • 1
  • Qiang Liu
    • 1
  • Huaiyu He
    • 1
  • Yunyan Ni
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations