Ethnic intermarriage in times of social change: The case of latvia

Abstract

We gain insight into the dynamics of ethnic intermarriage in times of social change by studying marriages between Latvians and Russians (including Belarussians and Ukrainians) that occurred in Latvia before and after independence from the Soviet Union. Before independence, ethnic intermarriage was already rather common, involving about 17% of the marriages annually. Since independence, intermarriage between Russians and Latvians has increased substantially. Part of this increase can be explained by selective emigration, but at least half of it may be due to integrative processes. Although there were more marriages between Russian men and Latvian women before independence, the gender pattern reversed after independence. Intermarriage levels were the highest among the less educated, children of mixed couples, partners with similar educational levels, and people in the countryside.

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We thank the UNECE Population Analysis Unit for permission to use the standard country file of the LFFS data. We also thank Peteris ZvidrinŠ and Aigars Greitans (University of Latvia) for permission to use additional LFFS data on partner’s ethnicity and for providing the original LFFS questionnaire and Uldis UŠ ackis (Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia) for providing us with annual marriage tables and migration data.

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Monden, C.W.S., Smits, J. Ethnic intermarriage in times of social change: The case of latvia. Demography 42, 323–345 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.2005.0015

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Keywords

  • Marriage Market
  • Social Exchange Theory
  • Soviet Period
  • Mixed Marriage
  • Ethnic Relation