, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 607–627

Diverging destinies: How children are faring under the second demographic transition

  • Sara Mclanahan

DOI: 10.1353/dem.2004.0033

Cite this article as:
Mclanahan, S. Demography (2004) 41: 607. doi:10.1353/dem.2004.0033


In this article, I argue that the trends associated with the second demographic transition are following two trajectories and leading to greater disparities in children’s resources. Whereas children who were born to the most-educated women are gaining resources, in terms of parents’ time and money, those who were born to the least-educated women are losing resources. The forces behind these changes include feminism, new birth control technologies, changes in labor market opportunities, and welfare-state policies. I contend that Americans should be concerned about the growing disparity in parental resources and that the government can do more to close the gap between rich and poor children.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara Mclanahan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International AffairsPrinceton UniversityPrinceton

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