, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 479–497 | Cite as

Welfare work requirements and child well-being: Evidence from the effects on breast-feeding

  • Steven J. Haider
  • Alison Jacknowitz
  • Robert F. Schoeni


A central theme of welfare reform is that recipients are required to engage in work activities. In many states, these work requirements apply to mothers whose children are a few months old, which may increase the costs and decrease the prevalence of breast-feeding. Given the substantial benefits of breast-feeding, any reduction represents an important negative consequence of these requirements. Our results suggest that in the absence of welfare reform, the national breast-feeding rate six months after birth would have been 5.5% higher in 2000. Such negative consequences of these policies must be weighed against potential benefits as states refine their welfare programs.


Welfare Reform Welfare Policy Work Requirement Welfare Caseload Sanction Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven J. Haider
    • 1
  • Alison Jacknowitz
    • 2
  • Robert F. Schoeni
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing
  2. 2.RAND Graduate SchoolUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganUSA

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